Efficient Outcoupling of Organic Light-Emitting Devices Using a Light-Scattering Dielectric Layer

Jongchan Kim, Yue Qu, Caleb Coburn, Stephen R. Forrest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It has long been a challenge to develop a highly efficient outcoupling method for organic light-emitting diodes that is independent of wavelength and viewing angle, as well as being nonintrusive into the device structure. Here, we demonstrate a transparent, top emitting structure integrated with a high index of refraction waveguide layer and a rough, dielectric diffuse reflector that eliminates plasmonic, waveguide, and substrate modes without introducing wavelength and viewing-angle dependence. The simple outcoupling structure increases the external quantum efficiency from 15 ± 2% to 37 ± 4% compared to an analogous device with a metal mirror, corresponding to a 2.5-fold enhancement without requiring the use of additional outcoupling structures such as microlens arrays or index matching layers to extract substrate modes. The method is potentially suitable for low-cost, solid-state lighting due to its simplicity and high outcoupling efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3315-3321
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), and Universal Display Corp. We thank Byungjun Lee, Chanho Soh, Dejiu Fan, and Xinhong Du for helpful discussions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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