Although treatment of BRAF V600E-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLCV600E ) with GSK2118436 has shown an encouraging efficacy, most patients develop resistance. To investigate the mechanisms of acquired resistance to GSK2118436 in NSCLCV600E , we established GSK2118436-resistant (GSR) cells by exposing MV522 NSCLCV600E to increasing GSK2118436 concentrations. GSR cells displayed activated EGFR-RAS-CRAF signaling with upregulated EGFR ligands and sustained activation of ERK1/2, but not MEK1/2, in the presence of GSK2118436. Treatment of GSR cells with GSK2118436 enhanced EGFR-mediated RAS activity, leading to the formation of BRAF-CRAF dimers and transactivation of CRAF. Interestingly, sustained activation of ERK1/2 was partly dependent on receptor-interacting protein kinase-2 (RIP2) activity, but not on MEK1/2 activity. Combined BRAF and EGFR inhibition blocked reactivation of ERK signaling and improved efficacy in vitro and in vivo. Our findings support the evaluation of combined BRAF and EGFR inhibition in NSCLCV600E with acquired resistance to BRAF inhibitors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korea government (MEST; 2012R1A2A2A01046927; to B.C. Cho) and the Korea Health Technology RandD Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI13C2162; to S. Paik).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research