Electric-Field-Dependent Surface Potentials and Vibrational Energy-Harvesting Characteristics of Bi(Na 0.5 Ti 0.5 )O 3 -Based Pb-Free Piezoelectric Thin Films

Ahra Cho, Da Bin Kim, Yong Soo Cho

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The successful utilization of Pb-free piezoelectric materials is considered as critical since the piezoelectric material-based thin-film cantilever is still the preferred choice for commercial vibrational energy harvesters. Herein, we introduce a highly efficient piezoelectric energy harvester based on a Pb-free representative compound, Bi 0.5 Na 0.5 TiO 3 , which has not been explored so far. Applying a strong electric field for poling purposes brought unexpectedly huge changes in the dielectric constant and piezoelectric coefficient, which were responsible for the promising power density of 21.2 μW/cm 2 /g 2 /Hz with 537.7 mV output voltage and 2.22 μW output power for a 2 μm thick 0.94(Bi 0.5 Na 0.5 )TiO 3 -0.06BaTiO 3 thin-film cantilever. The power density value is the best so far compared with any reported values for thin-film-based harvesters. As the origin of the effects of poling, the surface potentials across the grain structure are discussed in conjunction with the defect-dipole alignment, as evidenced by the increased oxygen vacancies on the film surface under an external bias field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13244-13250
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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