This paper focuses on demonstrating the feedback relationships between greenhouse gas emissions efficiency in the electricity sector and employment reallocation with a consideration of the effects of electricity restructuring and socio-demographic factors. We postulate the construction, information, manufacturing, utilities, and mining sectors as a group of emissions efficiency-related industries and identify the mutual relationships. The emissions efficiency positively influences the job shares of these industries except mining, whereas increased employment in these industries has a negative effect on the emissions efficiency. Electricity restructuring has a positive effect on overall employment, however, it does not have a statistically significant effect on the emissions efficiency. Additionally, population aging and educational attainment have positive effects on the emissions efficiency, and a higher proportion of rental households has a negative influence on it. Increases in renewable energy and nuclear energy generation have elastic effects on enhancing emissions efficiency.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are grateful to two anonymous referees for their valuable comments. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government ( NRF-2013S1A3A2053586 ).
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law