Electroactive Nanoporous Metal Oxides and Chalcogenides by Chemical Design

Christopher H. Hendon, Keith T. Butler, Alex M. Ganose, Yuriy Román-Leshkov, David O. Scanlon, Geoffrey A. Ozin, Aron Walsh

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Abstract

The archetypal silica- and aluminosilicate-based zeolite-type materials are renowned for wide-ranging applications in heterogeneous catalysis, gas-separation and ion-exchange. Their compositional space can be expanded to include nanoporous metal chalcogenides, exemplified by germanium and tin sulfides and selenides. By comparison with the properties of bulk metal dichalcogenides and their 2D derivatives, these open-framework analogues may be viewed as three-dimensional semiconductors filled with nanometer voids. Applications exist in a range of molecule size and shape discriminating devices. However, what is the electronic structure of nanoporous metal chalcogenides? Herein, materials modeling is used to describe the properties of a homologous series of nanoporous metal chalcogenides denoted np-MX2, where M = Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, and X = O, S, Se, Te, with Sodalite, LTA and aluminum chromium phosphate-1 structure types. Depending on the choice of metal and anion their properties can be tuned from insulators to semiconductors to metals with additional modification achieved through doping, solid solutions, and inclusion (with fullerene, quantum dots, and hole transport materials). These systems form the basis of a new branch of semiconductor nanochemistry in three dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3663-3670
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 25

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Hendon, C. H., Butler, K. T., Ganose, A. M., Román-Leshkov, Y., Scanlon, D. O., Ozin, G. A., & Walsh, A. (2017). Electroactive Nanoporous Metal Oxides and Chalcogenides by Chemical Design. Chemistry of Materials, 29(8), 3663-3670. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00464