Electrochemical properties of leucoemeraldine, emeraldine, and pernigraniline forms of polyaniline/multi-wall carbon nanotube nanocomposites for supercapacitor applications

Seung Beom Yoon, Eun Hyea Yoon, Kwang Bum Kim

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86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the synthesis and electrochemical properties of leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base forms of polyaniline (PANI) in the form of nanocomposites with MWNTs. The oxidation state of PANI in the composite is controlled by doping and dedoping of the emeraldine salt form of PANI/MWNT composite, which is prepared through chemical polymerization, using oxidizing and reducing agents without changing the morphology of PANI in the composite and is confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The electrochemical and pseudocapacitive properties of the composites are investigated using cyclic voltammetry and analyzed with respect to the oxidation state of polyaniline. The PANI/MWNT nanocomposites show specific capacitance values of 217 F g-1, 328 F g-1 and 139 F g-1 for leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base, respectively. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is performed to explain the different electrochemical properties of PANI in different oxidation states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10791-10797
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume196
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 15

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Carbon Nanotubes
electrochemical capacitors
Polyaniline
Electrochemical properties
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
carbon nanotubes
composite materials
salts
oxidation
spectroscopy
Salts
Composite materials
Oxidation
polymerization
capacitance
infrared spectroscopy
impedance
Reducing Agents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Electrochemical properties of leucoemeraldine, emeraldine, and pernigraniline forms of polyaniline/multi-wall carbon nanotube nanocomposites for supercapacitor applications",
abstract = "We report on the synthesis and electrochemical properties of leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base forms of polyaniline (PANI) in the form of nanocomposites with MWNTs. The oxidation state of PANI in the composite is controlled by doping and dedoping of the emeraldine salt form of PANI/MWNT composite, which is prepared through chemical polymerization, using oxidizing and reducing agents without changing the morphology of PANI in the composite and is confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The electrochemical and pseudocapacitive properties of the composites are investigated using cyclic voltammetry and analyzed with respect to the oxidation state of polyaniline. The PANI/MWNT nanocomposites show specific capacitance values of 217 F g-1, 328 F g-1 and 139 F g-1 for leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base, respectively. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is performed to explain the different electrochemical properties of PANI in different oxidation states.",
author = "Yoon, {Seung Beom} and Yoon, {Eun Hyea} and Kim, {Kwang Bum}",
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AU - Yoon, Seung Beom

AU - Yoon, Eun Hyea

AU - Kim, Kwang Bum

PY - 2011/12/15

Y1 - 2011/12/15

N2 - We report on the synthesis and electrochemical properties of leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base forms of polyaniline (PANI) in the form of nanocomposites with MWNTs. The oxidation state of PANI in the composite is controlled by doping and dedoping of the emeraldine salt form of PANI/MWNT composite, which is prepared through chemical polymerization, using oxidizing and reducing agents without changing the morphology of PANI in the composite and is confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The electrochemical and pseudocapacitive properties of the composites are investigated using cyclic voltammetry and analyzed with respect to the oxidation state of polyaniline. The PANI/MWNT nanocomposites show specific capacitance values of 217 F g-1, 328 F g-1 and 139 F g-1 for leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base, respectively. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is performed to explain the different electrochemical properties of PANI in different oxidation states.

AB - We report on the synthesis and electrochemical properties of leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base forms of polyaniline (PANI) in the form of nanocomposites with MWNTs. The oxidation state of PANI in the composite is controlled by doping and dedoping of the emeraldine salt form of PANI/MWNT composite, which is prepared through chemical polymerization, using oxidizing and reducing agents without changing the morphology of PANI in the composite and is confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The electrochemical and pseudocapacitive properties of the composites are investigated using cyclic voltammetry and analyzed with respect to the oxidation state of polyaniline. The PANI/MWNT nanocomposites show specific capacitance values of 217 F g-1, 328 F g-1 and 139 F g-1 for leucoemeraldine base, emeraldine salt and pernigraniline base, respectively. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is performed to explain the different electrochemical properties of PANI in different oxidation states.

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