Electrochemically derived CuO nanorod from copper-based metal-organic framework for non-enzymatic detection of glucose

Kijun Kim, Sungjin Kim, Ho Nyun Lee, Young Min Park, Youn Sang Bae, Hyun Jong Kim

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51 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, we fabricated a novel enzyme-free glucose sensor based on CuO nanorod, which was electrochemically derived from the copper-based metal-organic framework, Cu 3 (BTC) 2 (BTC: benzene tricarboxylate). Repeated potential cycling successfully oxidized Cu 3 (BTC) 2 to CuO, leaving residual carboxylate on the catalyst surface. The oxidation process was carefully investigated by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier-transform IR, and scanning electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry studies of the electrochemical oxidation of glucose on the CuO nanorod revealed excellent electrocatalytic performance with high sensitivity of 1523.5 μA mM −1 cm −2 , linear response up to 1.25 mM, and detection limit of 1 μM. Compared with commercial CuO powder, the CuO nanorod showed much higher sensitivity because of its large surface area (60.2 m 2 g −1 ). Moreover, it exhibited good selectivity to glucose over potential interfering compounds. These results suggest the potential application of the Cu 3 (BTC) 2 -derived CuO nanorod as a non-enzymatic glucose sensor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-726
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the R&D program of Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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