PdII-mediated annulative double C−H activation is shown to efficiently convert 1,n-dipyrrolylalkanes into extensively π-conjugated bipyrroles not accessible by conventional oxidative coupling protocols. This approach is applicable to both electron-rich and electron-deficient systems, and has been further developed into tandem processes involving further cyclization of substituents or oxygenation of pyrrolic α-positions. The new bipyrrole intermediates show enhanced fluorescence as well as tunable optical properties controlled by the alignment of chromophore subunits. Photophysical data, including femtosecond transient absorptions, reveal solvent-induced intramolecular charge transfer in their excited states, dependent on the polarity of the medium.
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