Electronic properties of transparent nano-composite electrodes for application in flexible electronics

Ross E. Triambulo, Jin Woo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract In this study, we investigated the electronic properties of nano-composite structured transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) based on silver nanowires (NWs) and mostly crystalline indium tin oxide (c-ITO). The analysis results by Hall measurements revealed the improvement of the charge carrier mobility (μ) and sheet charge density (n) of the nano-composite TCEs when compared with homogenous single-layer TCEs. The NW-ITO nano-composite has 28 times larger μ than NW and has at least an order higher n than c-ITO. According to our ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) analysis, the surface electronic structure of the NW-ITO approaches that of the c-ITO surface, which is evident from their similar work functions (Φ), 4.14 eV for the former and 4.15 for the latter. When applied in flexible organic light emitting diodes (f-OLEDs) as an anode, the large carriers of h-TCEs made the current density (J) of f-OLEDs at high voltages increased more than 1.5 times compared to f-OLEDs on c-ITO. Nevertheless, larger carrier mobility of c-ITO (29.90 cm2/V-s) made the f-OLEDs operate at lower turn-on voltage that f-OLEDs on h-TCEs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3904
Pages (from-to)S12-S16
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Volume15
Issue numberS1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 3

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Flexible electronics
Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
Tin oxides
Electronic properties
indium oxides
Indium
tin oxides
light emitting diodes
Nanowires
Crystalline materials
nanowires
Electrodes
composite materials
electrodes
Composite materials
electronics
Carrier mobility
carrier mobility
ITO (semiconductors)
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Abstract In this study, we investigated the electronic properties of nano-composite structured transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) based on silver nanowires (NWs) and mostly crystalline indium tin oxide (c-ITO). The analysis results by Hall measurements revealed the improvement of the charge carrier mobility (μ) and sheet charge density (n) of the nano-composite TCEs when compared with homogenous single-layer TCEs. The NW-ITO nano-composite has 28 times larger μ than NW and has at least an order higher n than c-ITO. According to our ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) analysis, the surface electronic structure of the NW-ITO approaches that of the c-ITO surface, which is evident from their similar work functions (Φ), 4.14 eV for the former and 4.15 for the latter. When applied in flexible organic light emitting diodes (f-OLEDs) as an anode, the large carriers of h-TCEs made the current density (J) of f-OLEDs at high voltages increased more than 1.5 times compared to f-OLEDs on c-ITO. Nevertheless, larger carrier mobility of c-ITO (29.90 cm2/V-s) made the f-OLEDs operate at lower turn-on voltage that f-OLEDs on h-TCEs.",
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Electronic properties of transparent nano-composite electrodes for application in flexible electronics. / Triambulo, Ross E.; Park, Jin Woo.

In: Current Applied Physics, Vol. 15, No. S1, 3904, 03.08.2015, p. S12-S16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Abstract In this study, we investigated the electronic properties of nano-composite structured transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) based on silver nanowires (NWs) and mostly crystalline indium tin oxide (c-ITO). The analysis results by Hall measurements revealed the improvement of the charge carrier mobility (μ) and sheet charge density (n) of the nano-composite TCEs when compared with homogenous single-layer TCEs. The NW-ITO nano-composite has 28 times larger μ than NW and has at least an order higher n than c-ITO. According to our ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) analysis, the surface electronic structure of the NW-ITO approaches that of the c-ITO surface, which is evident from their similar work functions (Φ), 4.14 eV for the former and 4.15 for the latter. When applied in flexible organic light emitting diodes (f-OLEDs) as an anode, the large carriers of h-TCEs made the current density (J) of f-OLEDs at high voltages increased more than 1.5 times compared to f-OLEDs on c-ITO. Nevertheless, larger carrier mobility of c-ITO (29.90 cm2/V-s) made the f-OLEDs operate at lower turn-on voltage that f-OLEDs on h-TCEs.

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