Electronic structure of low work function electrodes modified by C 16H33SH

Hyunbok Lee, Sangwan Cho, Sang Han Park, Mann-Ho Cho, Yeonjin Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Organic and printed electronics technologies require electrodes with low work functions to facilitate the transport of electrons in and out of various optoelectronic devices. We show that the surface modifier of 1-hexadecanethiol reduces the work function of conductors using in situ ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy, and we combine experimental and theoretical methods to investigate the origin of the work function changes. The interfacial electronic structures of pentacene/1-hexadecanethiol/Au were investigated via in situ ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy in order to understand the change in the carrier injection barrier and chemical reactions upon surface modification. Theoretical calculations using density functional theory were also performed to understand the charge distribution of 1-hexadecanethiol, which affects the reduction of the work function. The 1-hexadecanethiol surface modifier is processed in air from solution, providing an appealing alternative to chemically-reactive low-work-function metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Electronic structure
electronic structure
Photoelectron spectroscopy
Electrodes
electrodes
photoelectric emission
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
spectroscopy
carrier injection
Charge distribution
optoelectronic devices
X ray spectroscopy
Optoelectronic devices
charge distribution
Density functional theory
Surface treatment
Chemical reactions
chemical reactions
Electronic equipment
conductors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Organic and printed electronics technologies require electrodes with low work functions to facilitate the transport of electrons in and out of various optoelectronic devices. We show that the surface modifier of 1-hexadecanethiol reduces the work function of conductors using in situ ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy, and we combine experimental and theoretical methods to investigate the origin of the work function changes. The interfacial electronic structures of pentacene/1-hexadecanethiol/Au were investigated via in situ ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy in order to understand the change in the carrier injection barrier and chemical reactions upon surface modification. Theoretical calculations using density functional theory were also performed to understand the charge distribution of 1-hexadecanethiol, which affects the reduction of the work function. The 1-hexadecanethiol surface modifier is processed in air from solution, providing an appealing alternative to chemically-reactive low-work-function metals.",
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Electronic structure of low work function electrodes modified by C 16H33SH. / Lee, Hyunbok; Cho, Sangwan; Park, Sang Han; Cho, Mann-Ho; Yi, Yeonjin.

In: Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 58, 01.01.2014, p. 19-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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