Coptidis Rhizoma is a medicinal plant that is well known for its high antibacterial activity against various pathogens and its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hemostatic effects. Here, nanofibrous membranes containing 10, 20, and 30 wt% of Coptidis Rhizoma extracts were fabricated by electrospinning using poly(vinyl alcohol) as the drug carrier and thermally treated to increase their aqueous stability. The antibacterial properties and release characteristics of Coptidis Rhizoma nanofibrous membranes were investigated. Coptidis Rhizoma-loaded nanocomposite fibers exhibited a high drug-loading efficiency ranging from 92% to 97%. The release profile from the nanofibrous membranes of Coptidis Rhizoma showed an initial fast release followed by a gradual release for 48 h. High antibacterial activity of the Coptidis Rhizoma-loaded nanofibrous membranes was exhibited against both Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. These results demonstrate that poly(vinyl alcohol) nanofibrous membranes containing Coptidis Rhizoma extracts have considerable potential to be effective antimicrobial wound dressings based on natural substances.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Polymers and Plastics