Background: The relationship between plasma biologic markers and coronary artery remodeling is unknown. Hypothesis: Plasma biologic markers are associated with coronary artery remodeling. Methods: Preintervention intravascular ultrasound images were obtained in 44 patients with chronic stable angina. Plasma samples were collected 24 h before coronary intervention. The biologic markers included total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, lipoprotein(a) [LP(a)], C-reactive protein (CRP), and homocysteine. The remodeling index (RI) was defined as a ratio of the (lesion/proximal reference) external elastic membrane cross-sectional area. Positive remodeling was defined as an RI > 1.05, negative remodeling as an RI <0.95, and intermediate remodeling as an RI between 0.95 and 1.05. Results: Total cholesterol level (r = 0.092, p = 0.557), LDL cholesterol level (r = 0.123, p = 0.426), triglyceride level (r = 0.020, p = 0.901), HDL cholesterol level (r = 0.042, p = 0.789), LP(a) level (r = 0.062, p = 0.729), and CRP level (r = 0.266, p = 0.089) did not significantly correlate with the RI. However, the plasma homocysteine level positively correlated with the RI (r = 0.398, p = 0.008). The plasma homocysteine level was significantly lower in the lesions with negative remodeling and higher in the lesions with positive remodeling (10.8 ± 0.7 μmol/l in negative remodeling, 13.1 ± 0.6 μmol/l in intermediate remodeling, and 18.1 ± 2.8 μmol/l in positive remodeling, p = 0.021). Conclusions: Elevated homocysteine levels might be associated with coronary artery remodeling in patients with stable angina.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine