Recently, the energy cascade structure using multiple light-absorbing layers has been considered as a novel device architecture to overcome the inherent limitations of small-molecule organic photovoltaics (OPVs). The light-absorbing layers in the energy cascade OPVs should have a large overlap between the emission spectrum of a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) donor and absorption spectrum of a FRET acceptor. An equally important requirement is efficient charge transport across the organic layers by the formation of a suitable energy-level alignment. 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylbisbenz[5,6]indeno[1,2,3-cd:1′,2′,3′-lm]perylene (DBP)/5,6,11,12-tetraphenyltetracene (RUB)/5,12-diphenyltetracene (DPT) layers are representative donor systems, which exhibited a high power conversion efficiency in energy cascade OPVs. However, the detailed hole-transport mechanism has not been understood. In this study, the energy level alignment of C60/DBP/RUB/DPT/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrene sulfonate) layers was investigated via in-situ ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and inverse photoelectron spectroscopy. The highest-occupied molecular orbital levels of DBP/RUB/DPT were almost perfectly aligned after their contact, indicating an efficient hole transport toward the anode without hindrance of energy barrier after exciton dissociation. This is owing to the formation of an interface dipole that aligns the charge neutrality levels of the organic layers.
|Journal||Applied Surface Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Feb 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea [NRF- 2021R1A2C1009324 , 2018R1A6A1A03025582 , 2020R1A2C2014644 , 2017R1A5A1014862 (SRC program: vdWMRC center)] and Samsung Display Company.
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films