Numerous reports exist upon clinical viewpoints of the four cervical cutaneous nerves. Unfortunately, a detailed description of the cervical cutaneous nerves has not yet been published. For this reason, administering effective anaesthesia to a particular nerve branch is difficult. The aim of this study was to clarify the anatomical knowledge about the emerging patterns of the cervical cutaneous nerves in the superficial neck using 35 Korean cadavers (22 male, 13 female). Four cervical cutaneous nerve branches penetrating the fascia of the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) were classified into seven types based on the locations of their nerve emergence. Among these, the separated type (L-G-T-S) was the most frequent (50%), followed by the L-G · T-S type (20.3%), in which the great auricular nerve (G) and the transverse cervical nerve (T) emerged at the same level on the posterior SCM border.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
1Division of Anatomy, Department of Oral Biology, Oral Science Research Centre, College of Dentistry, Brain Korea 21 Project of Medial Sciences, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea; 2Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungjo, Korea; 3Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea; 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry and Oral Science Research Centre, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea; 5Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Brain Korea 21 Project of Medial Sciences, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea Key words: sternocleidomastoid muscle; lesser occipital nerve; great occipital nerve; transverse cervical nerve; supraclavicular nerve.
Acknowledgment. This study was sup ported by a Yonsei University faculty research grant, 1998.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery