Emission inventory of PM10 in Dhanbad/Jharia coalfield (JCF), India: an intricate coal mining sector

Debananda Roy, Gurdeep Singh, Sweta Sinha, Joonhong Park, Yong Chil Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Open-cast coal mining and its associate activities are responsible for the generation of atmospheric particulate pollutants. An emission inventory technique has been employed to identify and quantify the sources of PM10 in Dhanbad/Jharia coalfield (JCF), India. Inventory of natural (mine fire) and anthropogenic (mining and non-mining) was considered to create actual database in the study area. It is a unique approach for a complex coal mining zone associated with mine fire in India. The multiple emission sources such as anthropogenic (open coal mining, industrial and local) and natural (coal mine fire) are responsible for the complexity in the study area. Gridding systems of 129 grids (2 km × 2 km each) were developed to build up a detailed database of sources/activities throughout the study area. The total 9409 kg/day emission load of PM10 was estimated during study period. Between all the sources, emission from the open-cast coal mining (19.97%), thermal power plant (18%), vehicles (16%), the paved/unpaved road (14%), domestic fuel burning (12%), open coal burning and mine fire (6%) and garbage burning (5%) were generated a significant amount of PM10 throughout the study area. Globally, this study could be guideline to identify and quantify the emission sources in the critically polluted coal mining complex for the developing and developed countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3048-3061
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironment, Development and Sustainability
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The first author is grateful to IIT (ISM), Dhanbad, India, for providing the Junior Research Fellowship, the National Research Foundation (NRF) funding from the Ministry of Education, Republic of Korea for postdoctoral research funding (Grant No. 2018R1A6A1A08025348), and the Dean and Director of Yonsei University, South Korea, for providing a platform for this research. A special thanks to General Manager/ HOD Environment at Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. (BCCL), Subsidiary of Coal India Ltd. and State Pollution Board, Jharkhand, India, for their continuous support during this study.

Funding Information:
The first author is grateful to IIT (ISM), Dhanbad, India, for providing the Junior Research Fellowship, the National Research Foundation (NRF) funding from the Ministry of Education, Republic of Korea for postdoctoral research funding (Grant No. 2018R1A6A1A08025348), and the Dean and Director of Yonsei University, South Korea, for providing a platform for this research. A special thanks to General Manager/ HOD Environment at Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. (BCCL), Subsidiary of Coal India Ltd. and State Pollution Board, Jharkhand, India, for their continuous support during this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Nature B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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