Clinical presentations associated with acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are various and nonspecific. Neurologic manifestations may accompany acute HIV infection. Aseptic meningitis has been described in several reports; however, acute encephalitis during acute HIV infection is rare. Some studies have suggested that antiretroviral therapy for treatment of symptomatic acute HIV infection could be beneficial, especially in severe cases. Encephalitis is lifethreatening; therefore, early diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy may be needed. We report on a case of encephalitis associated with acute HIV infection. The patient received early antiretroviral therapy and recovered from encephalitis without neurological sequelae.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)