Endovascular Therapy of Cerebral Arterial Occlusions: Intracranial Atherosclerosis versus Embolism

Jin Soo Lee, Ji Man Hong, Kyu Sun Lee, Hong Il Suh, Andrew M. Demchuk, Yang Ha Hwang, Byung Moon Kim, Jong S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Treatment strategy for acute arterial occlusions due to intracranial atherosclerotic disease (IAD) may differ from those due to embolism (embolic). The aims were to differentiate and classify angiographically defined occlusion due to IAD versus embolism and identify baseline clinical factors associated with IAD-related occlusion. Methods Acute ischemic stroke patients with large cerebral artery occlusions on computed tomography angiography who underwent transfemoral cerebral angiography for endovascular treatment were included. Patients were categorized as the embolic (no evidence of focal stenosis after recanalization) or IAD group (significant fixed focal stenosis in the occlusion site, evidenced in the final angiography or during the endovascular treatment procedure) based on transfemoral cerebral angiography findings. Results In total, 158 patients were included. The IAD group patients (n = 24) were younger (P =.005), more often male (P <.001) and smokers (P <.001), and had a higher total cholesterol level (P =.001) than patients in the embolic group (n = 134). The posterior circulation was more frequently involved in the IAD group (P =.001). Independent predictors of IAD on multivariable analysis were male sex (odds ratio, 6.42 [95% confidence interval, 1.25-32.97], P =.026), posterior circulation involvement (3.57 [1.09-11.75], P =.036), and high total cholesterol levels (1.02 [1.01-1.03], P =.008). Conclusions Male sex, hypercholesterolemia, and posterior circulation involvement are associated with higher likelihood of underlying IAD as the etiology for the intracranial arterial occlusion. In patients with these characteristics, underlying IAD may have to be considered and the endovascular treatment strategy may have to be modified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2074-2080
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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