Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions

J. Barrette, R. Bellwied, S. Bennett, P. Braun-Munzinger, W. C. Chang, W. E. Cleland, M. Clemen, J. Cole, T. M. Cormier, G. David, J. Dee, O. Dietzsch, M. Drigert, J. R. Hall, T. K. Hemmick, N. Herrmann, B. Hong, Youngil Kwon, R. Lacasse, A. Lukaszew & 24 others Q. Li, T. W. Ludlam, S. K. Mark, R. Matheus, S. McCorkle, J. T. Murgatroyd, E. O’Brien, S. Panitkin, T. Piazza, C. Pruneau, M. N. Rao, M. Rosati, N. C. da Silva, S. Sedykh, U. Sonnadara, J. Stachel, E. M. Takagui, S. Voloshin, G. Wang, J. P. Wessels, C. L. Woody, N. Xu, Y. Zhang, C. Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimental results and a detailed analysis are presented of the transverse energy and charged particle azimuthal distributions measured by the E877 Collaboration for different centralities of Au+Au collisions at a beam momentum of 10.8[Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented]. The anisotropy of these distributions is studied with respect to the reaction plane reconstructed on an event-by-event basis using the transverse energy distribution measured by calorimeters. Results are corrected for the reaction plane resolution. For semicentral events we observe directed flow signals of up to 10%. We observe a stronger anisotropy for slow charged particles. For both the charged particle and transverse energy distributions we observe a small but nonzero elliptic anisotropy with the major axis pointing into the reaction plane. Combining the information on transverse energy and charged particle flow we obtain information on the flow of nucleons and pions. The data are compared to event generators and the need to introduce a mean field or nucleon-nucleon potential is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1420-1430
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

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particle energy
charged particles
collisions
anisotropy
energy distribution
nucleon potential
nucleons
calorimeters
pions
generators
momentum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Barrette, J., Bellwied, R., Bennett, S., Braun-Munzinger, P., Chang, W. C., Cleland, W. E., ... Zou, C. (1997). Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 55(3), 1420-1430. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.55.1420
Barrette, J. ; Bellwied, R. ; Bennett, S. ; Braun-Munzinger, P. ; Chang, W. C. ; Cleland, W. E. ; Clemen, M. ; Cole, J. ; Cormier, T. M. ; David, G. ; Dee, J. ; Dietzsch, O. ; Drigert, M. ; Hall, J. R. ; Hemmick, T. K. ; Herrmann, N. ; Hong, B. ; Kwon, Youngil ; Lacasse, R. ; Lukaszew, A. ; Li, Q. ; Ludlam, T. W. ; Mark, S. K. ; Matheus, R. ; McCorkle, S. ; Murgatroyd, J. T. ; O’Brien, E. ; Panitkin, S. ; Piazza, T. ; Pruneau, C. ; Rao, M. N. ; Rosati, M. ; da Silva, N. C. ; Sedykh, S. ; Sonnadara, U. ; Stachel, J. ; Takagui, E. M. ; Voloshin, S. ; Wang, G. ; Wessels, J. P. ; Woody, C. L. ; Xu, N. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zou, C. / Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions. In: Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics. 1997 ; Vol. 55, No. 3. pp. 1420-1430.
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title = "Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions",
abstract = "Experimental results and a detailed analysis are presented of the transverse energy and charged particle azimuthal distributions measured by the E877 Collaboration for different centralities of Au+Au collisions at a beam momentum of 10.8[Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented]. The anisotropy of these distributions is studied with respect to the reaction plane reconstructed on an event-by-event basis using the transverse energy distribution measured by calorimeters. Results are corrected for the reaction plane resolution. For semicentral events we observe directed flow signals of up to 10{\%}. We observe a stronger anisotropy for slow charged particles. For both the charged particle and transverse energy distributions we observe a small but nonzero elliptic anisotropy with the major axis pointing into the reaction plane. Combining the information on transverse energy and charged particle flow we obtain information on the flow of nucleons and pions. The data are compared to event generators and the need to introduce a mean field or nucleon-nucleon potential is discussed.",
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Barrette, J, Bellwied, R, Bennett, S, Braun-Munzinger, P, Chang, WC, Cleland, WE, Clemen, M, Cole, J, Cormier, TM, David, G, Dee, J, Dietzsch, O, Drigert, M, Hall, JR, Hemmick, TK, Herrmann, N, Hong, B, Kwon, Y, Lacasse, R, Lukaszew, A, Li, Q, Ludlam, TW, Mark, SK, Matheus, R, McCorkle, S, Murgatroyd, JT, O’Brien, E, Panitkin, S, Piazza, T, Pruneau, C, Rao, MN, Rosati, M, da Silva, NC, Sedykh, S, Sonnadara, U, Stachel, J, Takagui, EM, Voloshin, S, Wang, G, Wessels, JP, Woody, CL, Xu, N, Zhang, Y & Zou, C 1997, 'Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions', Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 1420-1430. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.55.1420

Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions. / Barrette, J.; Bellwied, R.; Bennett, S.; Braun-Munzinger, P.; Chang, W. C.; Cleland, W. E.; Clemen, M.; Cole, J.; Cormier, T. M.; David, G.; Dee, J.; Dietzsch, O.; Drigert, M.; Hall, J. R.; Hemmick, T. K.; Herrmann, N.; Hong, B.; Kwon, Youngil; Lacasse, R.; Lukaszew, A.; Li, Q.; Ludlam, T. W.; Mark, S. K.; Matheus, R.; McCorkle, S.; Murgatroyd, J. T.; O’Brien, E.; Panitkin, S.; Piazza, T.; Pruneau, C.; Rao, M. N.; Rosati, M.; da Silva, N. C.; Sedykh, S.; Sonnadara, U.; Stachel, J.; Takagui, E. M.; Voloshin, S.; Wang, G.; Wessels, J. P.; Woody, C. L.; Xu, N.; Zhang, Y.; Zou, C.

In: Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, Vol. 55, No. 3, 01.01.1997, p. 1420-1430.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions

AU - Barrette, J.

AU - Bellwied, R.

AU - Bennett, S.

AU - Braun-Munzinger, P.

AU - Chang, W. C.

AU - Cleland, W. E.

AU - Clemen, M.

AU - Cole, J.

AU - Cormier, T. M.

AU - David, G.

AU - Dee, J.

AU - Dietzsch, O.

AU - Drigert, M.

AU - Hall, J. R.

AU - Hemmick, T. K.

AU - Herrmann, N.

AU - Hong, B.

AU - Kwon, Youngil

AU - Lacasse, R.

AU - Lukaszew, A.

AU - Li, Q.

AU - Ludlam, T. W.

AU - Mark, S. K.

AU - Matheus, R.

AU - McCorkle, S.

AU - Murgatroyd, J. T.

AU - O’Brien, E.

AU - Panitkin, S.

AU - Piazza, T.

AU - Pruneau, C.

AU - Rao, M. N.

AU - Rosati, M.

AU - da Silva, N. C.

AU - Sedykh, S.

AU - Sonnadara, U.

AU - Stachel, J.

AU - Takagui, E. M.

AU - Voloshin, S.

AU - Wang, G.

AU - Wessels, J. P.

AU - Woody, C. L.

AU - Xu, N.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zou, C.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Experimental results and a detailed analysis are presented of the transverse energy and charged particle azimuthal distributions measured by the E877 Collaboration for different centralities of Au+Au collisions at a beam momentum of 10.8[Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented]. The anisotropy of these distributions is studied with respect to the reaction plane reconstructed on an event-by-event basis using the transverse energy distribution measured by calorimeters. Results are corrected for the reaction plane resolution. For semicentral events we observe directed flow signals of up to 10%. We observe a stronger anisotropy for slow charged particles. For both the charged particle and transverse energy distributions we observe a small but nonzero elliptic anisotropy with the major axis pointing into the reaction plane. Combining the information on transverse energy and charged particle flow we obtain information on the flow of nucleons and pions. The data are compared to event generators and the need to introduce a mean field or nucleon-nucleon potential is discussed.

AB - Experimental results and a detailed analysis are presented of the transverse energy and charged particle azimuthal distributions measured by the E877 Collaboration for different centralities of Au+Au collisions at a beam momentum of 10.8[Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented]. The anisotropy of these distributions is studied with respect to the reaction plane reconstructed on an event-by-event basis using the transverse energy distribution measured by calorimeters. Results are corrected for the reaction plane resolution. For semicentral events we observe directed flow signals of up to 10%. We observe a stronger anisotropy for slow charged particles. For both the charged particle and transverse energy distributions we observe a small but nonzero elliptic anisotropy with the major axis pointing into the reaction plane. Combining the information on transverse energy and charged particle flow we obtain information on the flow of nucleons and pions. The data are compared to event generators and the need to introduce a mean field or nucleon-nucleon potential is discussed.

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Barrette J, Bellwied R, Bennett S, Braun-Munzinger P, Chang WC, Cleland WE et al. Energy and charged particle flow in [Formula Presented] GeV/[Formula Presented] Au+Au collisions. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics. 1997 Jan 1;55(3):1420-1430. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.55.1420