We investigated the interfacial electronic structures of Al/adenine/indium-tin-oxide (ITO) and Al/thymine/ITO using in situ ultraviolet and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. Adenine shows both an interface dipole and level bending, whereas thymine shows only an interface dipole in contact with ITO. In addition, thymine possesses a larger ionization energy than adenine. These are understood with delocalized π states confirmed with theoretical calculations. For the interface between nucleobases and Al, both nucleobases show a prominent reduction of the electron injection barrier from Al to each base in accordance with a downward level shift.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Samsung Display Company, National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the MEST (2012M3A7B4049801) and the KRCF through Basic Research Project managed by KRISS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)