Energy level alignments at the interface of N,N'-bis-(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamine (NPB)/Ag-doped In 2 O 3 and NPB/Sn-doped In 2 O 3

Kwanwook Jung, Soohyung Park, Younjoo Lee, Yungsik Youn, Hae In Shin, Han Ki Kim, Hyunbok Lee, Yeonjin Yi

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electronic structures of Ag-doped In 2 O 3 (IAgO) and its energy level alignments with a N,N'-bis-(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamine (NPB) hole transport layer (HTL) were investigated using in situ ultraviolet and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies (UPS and XPS). As compared to the conventional Sn-doped In 2 O 3 (ITO), IAgO has less oxygen vacancies leading to a higher work function (WF). The lower hole injection barrier (Φ h ) from IAgO to a NPB HTL is observed, which is attributed mainly to its higher WF and interface dipoles. The UPS measurements reveal that the Φ h is 0.87 eV at NPB/IAgO while 1.11 eV is at NPB/ITO. Therefore, IAgO could be an alternative transparent anode in organic optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-630
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume387
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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