Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) based therapies are a major field of regenerative medicine. However, the success of MSC therapy relies on the efficiency of its delivery and retention, differentiation, and secreting paracrine factors at the target sites. Recent studies show that superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) modulate the regenerative effects of MSCs. After interacting with the cell membrane of MSCs, SPIONs can enter the cells via the endocytic pathway. The physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, including size, surface charge (zeta-potential), and surface ligand, influence their interactions with MSC, such as cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, homing factors, and regenerative related factors (VEGF, TGF-β1). Therefore, in-depth knowledge of the physicochemical properties of SPIONs might be a promising lead in regenerative and anti-inflammation research using SPIONs mediated MSCs. In this review, recent research on SPIONs with MSCs and the various designs of SPIONs are examined and summarized. Graphic abstract: A graphical abstract describes important parameters in the design of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, affecting mesenchymal stem cells. These physicochemical properties are closely related to the mesenchymal stem cells to achieve improved cellular responses such as homing factors and cell uptake.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering