Engineered Polymeric Carbon Nitride Additive for Energy Storage Materials: A Review

Zhonghao Wang, Bingjun Jin, Jun Peng, Wan Su, Kan Zhang, Xun Hu, Guannan Wang, Jong Hyeok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The ever-increasing demands for high energy density electronics have motivated research on exploring new types of electrode materials featuring mechanical flexibility and electrical storage capability. Of these, polymeric carbon nitride (PCN) has been increasingly studied in regard to electrical energy storage (EES) because of its abundant pyridinic N content, which is beneficial for enhancing electrochemical performance. However, state-of-the-art PCN-based electrode materials for EES are still far from industrial requirements. Herein, the current status of PCN-based materials in batteries and supercapacitors (SCs) is primarily discussed. A particular emphasis is placed on the PCN processing into composite electrode materials, including the defect engineering of pristine PCN and its coupling with other conductive materials to develop heterojunction nanostructures, which is essential for developing highly efficient electrode materials. Moreover, the direct pyrolysis of PCN into N-doped graphene with a tunable N content is introduced and achieves remarkable energy storage performance with superior electronic conductivity. Furthermore, the energy storage mechanisms for batteries and SCs are also highlighted to reveal structure–performance relationship. Finally, this comprehensive review outlines the remaining challenges and strategies for future improvements in PCN-based materials in this emerging field. This review will provide inspiration on developing future PCN-based materials for EES.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2102300
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Z.H.W. and B.J.J. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by the NSFC cultivation project of Jining Medical University (No. JYP2019KJ14), the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Jining Medical University (No. 6001/600828001), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81671742), the Recruitment Program of Global Young Experts (Thousand Youth Talents Plan). J. H. Park acknowledges the support from NRF Korea (2019R1A2C3010479, 2021M3E6A1015823, 2019R1A4A1029237).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Engineered Polymeric Carbon Nitride Additive for Energy Storage Materials: A Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this