Enhanced adipogenic differentiation and reduced collagen synthesis induced by human periodontal ligament stem cells might underlie the negative effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 on periodontal regeneration

D. S. Song, J. C. Park, I. H. Jung, S. H. Choi, K. S. Cho, C. K. Kim, C. S. Kim

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a potent inducer for the regeneration of mineralized tissue, but has a limited effect on the regeneration of cementum and periodontal ligament (PDL). The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of rhBMP-2 on the in vitro and in vivo biologic activity of well-characterized human PDL stem cells (hPDLSCs) and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of minimal periodontal regeneration by rhBMP-2. Material and Methods: hPDLSCs were isolated and cultured, and then transplanted into an ectopic subcutaneous mouse model using a carrier treated either with or without rhBMP-2. Comprehensive histologic, histometric and immunohistochemical analyses were performed after an 8-wk healing period. The effects of rhBMP-2 on the adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs were also evaluated. The effect of rhBMP-2 on both soluble and insoluble collagen synthesis was analyzed, and the expression of mRNA and protein for collagen types I, II, III and V was assessed. Results: In the present study, rhBMP-2 promoted both adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in vitro, and the in vivo potential of hPDLSCs to form mineralized cementum and organized PDL tissue was down-regulated following treatment with rhBMP-2. Collagen synthesis, which plays a crucial role in the regeneration of cementum and the periodontal attachment, was significantly reduced, with associated modification of the relevant mRNA and protein expression profiles. Conclusion: In summary, the findings of the present study suggest that enhanced adipogenic differentiation and inhibition of collagen synthesis by hPDLSCs appear to be partly responsible for the minimal effect of rhBMP-2 on cementum and PDL tissue regeneration by hPDLSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-203
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

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Periodontal Ligament
Regeneration
Collagen
Stem Cells
Dental Cementum
Collagen Type V
recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2
Messenger RNA
Collagen Type II
Collagen Type I
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

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title = "Enhanced adipogenic differentiation and reduced collagen synthesis induced by human periodontal ligament stem cells might underlie the negative effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 on periodontal regeneration",
abstract = "Background and Objective: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a potent inducer for the regeneration of mineralized tissue, but has a limited effect on the regeneration of cementum and periodontal ligament (PDL). The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of rhBMP-2 on the in vitro and in vivo biologic activity of well-characterized human PDL stem cells (hPDLSCs) and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of minimal periodontal regeneration by rhBMP-2. Material and Methods: hPDLSCs were isolated and cultured, and then transplanted into an ectopic subcutaneous mouse model using a carrier treated either with or without rhBMP-2. Comprehensive histologic, histometric and immunohistochemical analyses were performed after an 8-wk healing period. The effects of rhBMP-2 on the adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs were also evaluated. The effect of rhBMP-2 on both soluble and insoluble collagen synthesis was analyzed, and the expression of mRNA and protein for collagen types I, II, III and V was assessed. Results: In the present study, rhBMP-2 promoted both adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in vitro, and the in vivo potential of hPDLSCs to form mineralized cementum and organized PDL tissue was down-regulated following treatment with rhBMP-2. Collagen synthesis, which plays a crucial role in the regeneration of cementum and the periodontal attachment, was significantly reduced, with associated modification of the relevant mRNA and protein expression profiles. Conclusion: In summary, the findings of the present study suggest that enhanced adipogenic differentiation and inhibition of collagen synthesis by hPDLSCs appear to be partly responsible for the minimal effect of rhBMP-2 on cementum and PDL tissue regeneration by hPDLSCs.",
author = "Song, {D. S.} and Park, {J. C.} and Jung, {I. H.} and Choi, {S. H.} and Cho, {K. S.} and Kim, {C. K.} and Kim, {C. S.}",
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T1 - Enhanced adipogenic differentiation and reduced collagen synthesis induced by human periodontal ligament stem cells might underlie the negative effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 on periodontal regeneration

AU - Song, D. S.

AU - Park, J. C.

AU - Jung, I. H.

AU - Choi, S. H.

AU - Cho, K. S.

AU - Kim, C. K.

AU - Kim, C. S.

PY - 2011/4/1

Y1 - 2011/4/1

N2 - Background and Objective: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a potent inducer for the regeneration of mineralized tissue, but has a limited effect on the regeneration of cementum and periodontal ligament (PDL). The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of rhBMP-2 on the in vitro and in vivo biologic activity of well-characterized human PDL stem cells (hPDLSCs) and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of minimal periodontal regeneration by rhBMP-2. Material and Methods: hPDLSCs were isolated and cultured, and then transplanted into an ectopic subcutaneous mouse model using a carrier treated either with or without rhBMP-2. Comprehensive histologic, histometric and immunohistochemical analyses were performed after an 8-wk healing period. The effects of rhBMP-2 on the adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs were also evaluated. The effect of rhBMP-2 on both soluble and insoluble collagen synthesis was analyzed, and the expression of mRNA and protein for collagen types I, II, III and V was assessed. Results: In the present study, rhBMP-2 promoted both adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in vitro, and the in vivo potential of hPDLSCs to form mineralized cementum and organized PDL tissue was down-regulated following treatment with rhBMP-2. Collagen synthesis, which plays a crucial role in the regeneration of cementum and the periodontal attachment, was significantly reduced, with associated modification of the relevant mRNA and protein expression profiles. Conclusion: In summary, the findings of the present study suggest that enhanced adipogenic differentiation and inhibition of collagen synthesis by hPDLSCs appear to be partly responsible for the minimal effect of rhBMP-2 on cementum and PDL tissue regeneration by hPDLSCs.

AB - Background and Objective: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a potent inducer for the regeneration of mineralized tissue, but has a limited effect on the regeneration of cementum and periodontal ligament (PDL). The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of rhBMP-2 on the in vitro and in vivo biologic activity of well-characterized human PDL stem cells (hPDLSCs) and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of minimal periodontal regeneration by rhBMP-2. Material and Methods: hPDLSCs were isolated and cultured, and then transplanted into an ectopic subcutaneous mouse model using a carrier treated either with or without rhBMP-2. Comprehensive histologic, histometric and immunohistochemical analyses were performed after an 8-wk healing period. The effects of rhBMP-2 on the adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs were also evaluated. The effect of rhBMP-2 on both soluble and insoluble collagen synthesis was analyzed, and the expression of mRNA and protein for collagen types I, II, III and V was assessed. Results: In the present study, rhBMP-2 promoted both adipogenic and osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs in vitro, and the in vivo potential of hPDLSCs to form mineralized cementum and organized PDL tissue was down-regulated following treatment with rhBMP-2. Collagen synthesis, which plays a crucial role in the regeneration of cementum and the periodontal attachment, was significantly reduced, with associated modification of the relevant mRNA and protein expression profiles. Conclusion: In summary, the findings of the present study suggest that enhanced adipogenic differentiation and inhibition of collagen synthesis by hPDLSCs appear to be partly responsible for the minimal effect of rhBMP-2 on cementum and PDL tissue regeneration by hPDLSCs.

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U2 - 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2010.01328.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2010.01328.x

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JO - Journal of Periodontal Research

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