Radicicol, an inhibitor of src or src-like kinases, causes hypophosphorylation and down-regulation of the RB retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein in HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells. Both of these changes in the RB protein typically are associated with myeloid or monocytic differentiation of these cells induced by retinoic acid or 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3. When added with either inducer, radicicol caused the typically induced myeloid or monocytic differentiation of these cells to be accelerated. By itself radicicol caused a transient inhibition of G1 to S transit, but did not cause phenotypic conversion. The down-regulation and dephosphorylation of RB by radicicol may thus facilitate cell differentiation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology