Recognition of oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG-ODNs) by toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis from precursors. This inhibitory effect suggests the possibility of using this strategy to block pathological bone loss. However, the enhancing effect of CpG-ODNs on OC formation from RANKL-primed pre-osteoclasts (pOCs) has hampered their clinical use. In this report, we developed a CpG-KSK13 oligonucleotide with an alternative CpG motif, and tested its effect on osteoclastogenesis in comparison with previously used murine CpG motif (CpG-1826) or human CpG motif (CpG-2006) oligonucleotides. Murine CpG-1826 inhibited RANKL-induced OC formation from BMMs but not from RANKL-primed pOCs, while CpG-KSK13 treatment strongly inhibited OC formation from both BMM and primed pOC cells. CpG-KSK13 also showed a potent inhibitory effect on human OC differentiation using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), which was in contrast to the species-specific response of murine CpG-1826 or human CpG-2006. Moreover, CpG-KSK13 effectively inhibited NFATc1 activity, but not NF-κB or AP-1 activity, and decreased TREM-2 promoter activity and subsequent surface expression of the TREM-2 protein induced by M-CSF and RANKL. These results demonstrate that the recognition of CpG-KSK13 via TLR9 inhibits osteoclastogenesis by down-regulating TREM-2 expression. Thus, our findings provide evidence for the potential use of CpG-KSK13 as an anti-osteoclastogenic agent for human and for pre-clinical animals.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Nov 6|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology