We report a dramatic increase in the light extraction efficiency of GaN-based blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by ZnO nanorod arrays on a planar indium tin oxide (ITO) transparent electrode. ZnO nanorods were grown into aqueous solution at the low temperature of 90 °C. With 20 mA current injection, the light output efficiency of the LED with ZnO nanorod arrays on ITO was increased by about 57% with no increase in a forward voltage over the conventional LEDs with planar ITO. The increased light extraction by the ZnO nanorod arrays is due to the formation of sidewalls and a rough surface, resulting in a multiple photon scattering at the LED surface.
|Journal||Applied Physics Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Research Foundation grant funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD, Basic Research Promotion Fund) (Grant No. KRF-2007–313-D00475) and by Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)