Very thin and highly transparent BiFeO3 films are attractive owing to their potential application as ferroelectric photovoltaic devices. Here, we demonstrate enhancements in optical and piezoelectric properties that occur upon very low levels of Ni doping in solution-processed BiFeO3 thin films (thickness less than 200 nm). Doping only with 0.5 mol% Ni reduces the optical band gap from 2.83 to 2.78 eV and increases the piezoelectric coefficient from 15.4 to 28.0 pm V-1. These improvements are attributed to changes in the morphotropic phase boundary, oxygen-related defects, and crystallinity, which are driven by the low levels of Ni doping. For example, the increased piezoelectric coefficient upon Ni doping is attributed to a movement toward the morphotropic phase boundary and the enhanced crystallinity of the perovskite phase.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2011-0020285 and NRF-2013R1A2A2A01016711).
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)