Enhanced supercapacitive performance of chemically grown cobalt-nickel hydroxides on three-dimensional graphene foam electrodes

Umakant M. Patil, Ji Soo Sohn, Sachin B. Kulkarni, Su Chan Lee, Hyung Goo Park, Kishor V. Gurav, J. H. Kim, Seong Chan Jun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemical growth of mixed cobalt-nickel hydroxides (CoxNi 1-x(OH)2), decorated on graphene foam (GF) with desirable three-dimensional (3D) interconnected porous structure as electrode and its potential energy storage application is discussed. The nanostructured Co xNi1-x(OH)2 films with different Ni:Co (x) compositions on GF are prepared by using the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The structural studies (X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) of electrodes confirm crystalline nature of CoxNi 1-x(OH)2/GF and crystal structure consists of Ni(OH) 2 and Co(OH)2. The morphological properties reveal that nanorods of Co(OH)2 reduce in size with increases in nickel content and are converted into Ni(OH)2 nanoparticles. The electrochemical performance reveals that the Co0.66Ni0.33(OH) 2/GF electrode has maximum specific capacitance of ∼1847 F g -1 in 1 M KOH within a potential window 0 to 0.5 V vs Ag/AgCl at a discharge current density of 5 A g-1. The superior pseudoelectrochemical properties of cobalt and nickel are combined and synergistically reinforced with high surface area offered by a conducting, porous 3D graphene framework, which stimulates effective utilization of redox characteristics and communally improves electrochemical performance with charge transport and storage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2450-2458
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 26

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Hydroxides
Graphite
Cobalt
Nickel
Graphene
Foams
Electrodes
Potential energy
Nanorods
Energy storage
Charge transfer
Current density
Capacitance
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Crystal structure
Nanoparticles
Crystalline materials
X ray diffraction
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Patil, Umakant M. ; Sohn, Ji Soo ; Kulkarni, Sachin B. ; Lee, Su Chan ; Park, Hyung Goo ; Gurav, Kishor V. ; Kim, J. H. ; Jun, Seong Chan. / Enhanced supercapacitive performance of chemically grown cobalt-nickel hydroxides on three-dimensional graphene foam electrodes. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 2450-2458.
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Enhanced supercapacitive performance of chemically grown cobalt-nickel hydroxides on three-dimensional graphene foam electrodes. / Patil, Umakant M.; Sohn, Ji Soo; Kulkarni, Sachin B.; Lee, Su Chan; Park, Hyung Goo; Gurav, Kishor V.; Kim, J. H.; Jun, Seong Chan.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 6, No. 4, 26.02.2014, p. 2450-2458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Patil, Umakant M.

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AU - Park, Hyung Goo

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AB - Chemical growth of mixed cobalt-nickel hydroxides (CoxNi 1-x(OH)2), decorated on graphene foam (GF) with desirable three-dimensional (3D) interconnected porous structure as electrode and its potential energy storage application is discussed. The nanostructured Co xNi1-x(OH)2 films with different Ni:Co (x) compositions on GF are prepared by using the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The structural studies (X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) of electrodes confirm crystalline nature of CoxNi 1-x(OH)2/GF and crystal structure consists of Ni(OH) 2 and Co(OH)2. The morphological properties reveal that nanorods of Co(OH)2 reduce in size with increases in nickel content and are converted into Ni(OH)2 nanoparticles. The electrochemical performance reveals that the Co0.66Ni0.33(OH) 2/GF electrode has maximum specific capacitance of ∼1847 F g -1 in 1 M KOH within a potential window 0 to 0.5 V vs Ag/AgCl at a discharge current density of 5 A g-1. The superior pseudoelectrochemical properties of cobalt and nickel are combined and synergistically reinforced with high surface area offered by a conducting, porous 3D graphene framework, which stimulates effective utilization of redox characteristics and communally improves electrochemical performance with charge transport and storage.

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