Enhanced thermoelectric transport properties of n-type InSe due to the emergence of the flat band by Si doping

Kyu Hyoung Lee, Min Wook Oh, Hyun Sik Kim, Weon Ho Shin, Kimoon Lee, Jae Hong Lim, Ji Il Kim, Sang Il Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Post-transition-metal chalcogenides, such as SnSe, SnSe2, In4Se3, and In2Se3, have attracted renewed attention as promising thermoelectric materials mainly due to their inherent low lattice thermal conductivities, originating from the atomically layered structure. Herein, we demonstrate the enhanced thermoelectric transport properties of n-type InSe in an effort to search for new thermoelectric materials within post-transition-metal chalcogenide systems. By Si doping at the In site, significantly enhanced electrical conductivity is obtained, mainly due to the simultaneous increase in both carrier concentration and mobility. Meanwhile, the large Seebeck coefficient is maintained despite the increase of carrrier concentration with Si doping. Based on theoretical considerations for band structure change by Si doping, this unconventional trade-off between electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient is due to the generation of heavy flat energy levels near the conduction band minimum in the presence of Si at the In site. The doped Si also acts as an effective point defect phonon scattering center, resulting in reduced lattice thermal conductivity. Due to this synergetic effect, a 210% improved thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of 0.14 at 795 K compared with pristine InSe was obtained by 7% Si doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1475-1481
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic Chemistry Frontiers
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun

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Transport properties
Doping (additives)
Seebeck coefficient
Transition metals
Thermal conductivity
Chalcogenides
Phonon scattering
Carrier mobility
Point defects
Conduction bands
Crystal lattices
Band structure
Electron energy levels
Carrier concentration
Electric Conductivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Lee, Kyu Hyoung ; Oh, Min Wook ; Kim, Hyun Sik ; Shin, Weon Ho ; Lee, Kimoon ; Lim, Jae Hong ; Kim, Ji Il ; Kim, Sang Il. / Enhanced thermoelectric transport properties of n-type InSe due to the emergence of the flat band by Si doping. In: Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 6. pp. 1475-1481.
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Enhanced thermoelectric transport properties of n-type InSe due to the emergence of the flat band by Si doping. / Lee, Kyu Hyoung; Oh, Min Wook; Kim, Hyun Sik; Shin, Weon Ho; Lee, Kimoon; Lim, Jae Hong; Kim, Ji Il; Kim, Sang Il.

In: Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 6, No. 6, 06.2019, p. 1475-1481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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