Post-transition-metal chalcogenides, such as SnSe, SnSe2, In4Se3, and In2Se3, have attracted renewed attention as promising thermoelectric materials mainly due to their inherent low lattice thermal conductivities, originating from the atomically layered structure. Herein, we demonstrate the enhanced thermoelectric transport properties of n-type InSe in an effort to search for new thermoelectric materials within post-transition-metal chalcogenide systems. By Si doping at the In site, significantly enhanced electrical conductivity is obtained, mainly due to the simultaneous increase in both carrier concentration and mobility. Meanwhile, the large Seebeck coefficient is maintained despite the increase of carrrier concentration with Si doping. Based on theoretical considerations for band structure change by Si doping, this unconventional trade-off between electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient is due to the generation of heavy flat energy levels near the conduction band minimum in the presence of Si at the In site. The doped Si also acts as an effective point defect phonon scattering center, resulting in reduced lattice thermal conductivity. Due to this synergetic effect, a 210% improved thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of 0.14 at 795 K compared with pristine InSe was obtained by 7% Si doping.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Korean National Research Funds (NRF-2017R1D1A1B03034257 & NRF-2018R1D1A1B07042573). This research was also supported by Low-dimensional Materials Genome Development by Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS – 2018 – 18011084).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry