Bulk scale graphenes containing narrow and dense pores are realized via potassium hydroxide activation of pre-oxidized graphite (size: ca. 3 nm, density: ca. 1015 m-2). A film (20 nm thickness) comprised of this nanoporous graphene displays much enhanced water flux (ca. 37 L m-2 h-1 bar-1) compared to that of conventional graphene oxide membranes (∼6 times), while maintaining the seiving performances of GO laminates with ca. 20% rejection for NaCl and up to 99% rejection for various dyes around 1 nm diameter size. This advantageous property is a result of the fact that in addition to the effect of the interlayer stacking of graphene sheets, nanopores in the graphene generated by using the new method serve as additional channels through which water molecules can diffuse. We believe that the new approach will play a key role in preparing and designing graphene membranes with high flux.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Climate Change Research Hub of KAIST (Grant No. N01150139) and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2015R1A6A3A04057367). This research was supported by Leading Foreign Research Institute Recruitment Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) (NRF-2015K1A4A3047100).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)