Bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs) based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) as a donor material and (6.6) phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester as an acceptor material were investigated using a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) buffer layer that was modulated with acetic acid. The 1.71×10-1 Ω·cm resistivity of the pristine PEDOT:PSS film decreased to 2.29×10-2 Ω·cm when acetic acid was applied. This modified PEDOT:PSS buffer layer improved the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of OSCs by reducing their already low series resistance and contact resistance. The PCE of OSCs in which the PEDOT:PSS buffer layers had been treated with acetic acid was 2.91%, an improvement over the 1.82% PCE for cells with pristine PEDOT:PSS layers. We optimized the ratio of acetic acid and PEDOT:PSS solution for high PCE of OSCs in this manuscript. The value of this modification method for hole transporting layer is clearly demonstrated and be applicable to other organic devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics