Work-function-adjustable TimSinOx provides an opportunity to optimize the energy-level alignment at the photoactive/cathode interface in the polymer bulk heterojunction solar cell. The work function of TimSinOx is engineered by adjusting the Si mol% during the sol-gel reaction. The controlled work function provides an energetically downhill cascade pathway for electrons from the electron acceptor to the cathode, which contributes to improvement in electron collection at the cathode. The valence band maxima of TimSi nOx also become deeper as the Si mol% increases and the hole-blocking ability of TimSinOx is enhanced as a result. Accordingly, polymer solar cells fitted with the optimized Ti mSinOx exhibit enhanced performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)