Enhancing proliferation and optimizing the culture condition for human bone marrow stromal cells using hypoxia and fibroblast growth factor-2

Jung Seok Lee, Seul Ki Kim, Byung Joo Jung, Seong Bok Choi, Eun Young Choi, Chang Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the cellular characteristics and behaviors of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) expanded in media in a hypoxic or normoxic condition and with or without fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) treatment. hBMSCs isolated from the vertebral body and expanded in these four groups were evaluated for cellular proliferation/migration, colony-forming units, cell-surface characterization, in vitro differentiation, in vivo transplantation, and gene expression. Culturing hBMSCs using a particular environmental factor (hypoxia) and with the addition of FGF-2 increased the cellular proliferation rate while enhancing the regenerative potential, modulated the multipotency-related processes (enhanced chondrogenesis-related processes/osteogenesis, but reduced adipogenesis), and increased cellular migration and collagen formation. The gene expression levels in the experimental samples showed activation of the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 pathway and glycolysis in the hypoxic condition, with this not being affected by the addition of FGF-2. The concurrent application of hypoxia and FGF-2 could provide a favorable condition for culturing hBMSCs to be used in clinical applications associated with bone tissue engineering, due to the enhancement of cellular proliferation and regenerative potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
JournalStem Cell Research
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing proliferation and optimizing the culture condition for human bone marrow stromal cells using hypoxia and fibroblast growth factor-2'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this