We report on the fabrication of organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) using a thin NaCl interlayer as an electron-injection medium. The results show that the device containing the NaCl layer has a higher brightness and electroluminescent efficiency than the device without this layer. We also fabricated similar-structured comparable devices, which were prepared with a LiF layer as a different electron-injection medium. The maximum electroluminescent efficiency of the NaCl (1 nm)/Al cathode device was 2.85 cd/A, which is higher than the 2.25 cd/A of the LiF (1 nm)/Al cathode device. The ultrathin NaCl layer modified the carrier injection properties. In conclusion, the NaCl layer between a cathode and an emitting layer of OLEDs can be used as the carrier injection layer to improve the EL properties.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)