We report the enhanced electrochemical performance of high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode by small amount of aliovalent doping in Li-site (Li0.995V0.005Ni0.5Mn1.5O4) and polyimide-carbon (PI-C) coating as well. Such small amount of V-doping in Li-sites leads to the crystallization of ordered spinel. The performances of the cathodes are studied in half-cell assembly at elevated temperature conditions (50, 55 and 60°C). Although, the notable improvement in elevated temperature conditions are noted for Li0.995V0.005Ni0.5Mn1.5O4 phase at 50°C, but not sustained while increasing to 55 and 60°C. Nevertheless, the combined advantages of mixed conducting (ionic and electronic) features of PI-C, an excellent performance are noted for the Li0.995V0.005Ni0.5Mn1.5O4 phase after introducing the PI-C layer, irrespective of the testing temperature. Cyclic voltammetry and impedance studies are also performed to corroborate the Li-ion kinetics.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) ( NRF-2011-C1AAA0010030538 ).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering