Enhancing the Up-conversion luminescence using All dielectric Three-Dimensional multiscale anodized aluminum oxide nanowire structure

Prince Gupta, Misun Kang, Ho Seong Jang, Kyoungsik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Light management at nanometric dimension for boosting the enhancement of photo luminescence from Lanthanide doped up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) has evidenced epochal advancement attributed to their conspicuous emission properties and plethora of potential applications. In this work, a multiscale funnel shape three dimensional (3D) anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) nanowire topography is explored to improve up-conversion luminescence (UCL) of synthesized core shell (C/S) NaYF4:Yb3+,Tm3+/NaYF4 UCNPs dispersed in chloroform. The different hexagonally arranged AAO topographies, based on cost-effective and modified self-aggregation fabrication method, are presented. These unique topographies of nanowire structures provide archetypal for enhanced UCL and have been investigated to study the effect of light management in detail. The systematic studies indicate that UCL enhancement is substantiated by the prolonged light path due to multiple scattering, and guided modes in the length of nanowire structures with the modified surface topography hoisted by capillary force inside the nanowires. The length of the nanowire and structure's topographies are endorsed as structural parameters to tune the reflection as well as resonance mode for tuning the enhancement. The overall UCL enhancement for an optimized wire length and surface topography of AAO substrate is found to be ∼ 115 fold in ultra-violate regime at low excitation power density.

Original languageEnglish
Article number151278
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support of the Yonsei University Research Fund of 2020-22-0077 and the Future Key Technology program of the KIST (Project No. 2E31181). The support from Monu Nath Baitha during initial experiment is acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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