Enlarging the d-spacing of graphite and polarizing its surface charge for driving lithium ions fast

Tae Hee Kim, Eun Kyung Jeon, Younghoon Ko, Bo Yun Jang, Byeong Su Kim, Hyun Kon Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium ion transport was accelerated within graphite by controlling its d-spacing as well as its functional groups. By oxidizing bare graphite under a mild condition, expanded graphites (EG* where * = functional groups) were obtained with increasing d-spacing from 0.3359 nm to 0.3395 nm as well as with functional groups formed on the plane or at the edges of graphites. The subsequent thermal reduction of EG* led to an insignificant change of d-spacing (0.3390 nm), simultaneously eliminating a portion of the functional groups (EG). The enlargement of d-spacing reduced kinetic hindrance of lithium ion movement within the expanded graphites (EG* and EG) by reserving more space for the ionic transport route. In addition, the activation energy of lithium ion intercalation in EG* was reduced by surface charge polarization of graphites induced by hydrogen bonds between oxygen atoms of carbonates in electrolytes and hydrogen atoms of surface functional groups of the expanded graphites, even if the degree of graphitization decreased. Re-graphitization induced by the subsequent thermal reduction increased delithiation capacities (QdLi) of EG as an anode for lithium ion batteries especially at high currents: QdLi at 50 C = 243 mA h g -1 for EG versus 66 mA h g-1 for bare graphite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7600-7605
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 28

Fingerprint

Graphite
Surface charge
Lithium
Functional groups
Ions
Graphitization
Atoms
Carbonates
Intercalation
Electrolytes
Hydrogen
Hydrogen bonds
Anodes
Activation energy
Polarization
Oxygen
Kinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Kim, Tae Hee ; Jeon, Eun Kyung ; Ko, Younghoon ; Jang, Bo Yun ; Kim, Byeong Su ; Song, Hyun Kon. / Enlarging the d-spacing of graphite and polarizing its surface charge for driving lithium ions fast. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2014 ; Vol. 2, No. 20. pp. 7600-7605.
@article{fe9d27b949704803bfe28b39786dbad4,
title = "Enlarging the d-spacing of graphite and polarizing its surface charge for driving lithium ions fast",
abstract = "Lithium ion transport was accelerated within graphite by controlling its d-spacing as well as its functional groups. By oxidizing bare graphite under a mild condition, expanded graphites (EG* where * = functional groups) were obtained with increasing d-spacing from 0.3359 nm to 0.3395 nm as well as with functional groups formed on the plane or at the edges of graphites. The subsequent thermal reduction of EG* led to an insignificant change of d-spacing (0.3390 nm), simultaneously eliminating a portion of the functional groups (EG). The enlargement of d-spacing reduced kinetic hindrance of lithium ion movement within the expanded graphites (EG* and EG) by reserving more space for the ionic transport route. In addition, the activation energy of lithium ion intercalation in EG* was reduced by surface charge polarization of graphites induced by hydrogen bonds between oxygen atoms of carbonates in electrolytes and hydrogen atoms of surface functional groups of the expanded graphites, even if the degree of graphitization decreased. Re-graphitization induced by the subsequent thermal reduction increased delithiation capacities (QdLi) of EG as an anode for lithium ion batteries especially at high currents: QdLi at 50 C = 243 mA h g -1 for EG versus 66 mA h g-1 for bare graphite.",
author = "Kim, {Tae Hee} and Jeon, {Eun Kyung} and Younghoon Ko and Jang, {Bo Yun} and Kim, {Byeong Su} and Song, {Hyun Kon}",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1039/c3ta15360f",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "7600--7605",
journal = "Journal of Materials Chemistry A",
issn = "2050-7488",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "20",

}

Enlarging the d-spacing of graphite and polarizing its surface charge for driving lithium ions fast. / Kim, Tae Hee; Jeon, Eun Kyung; Ko, Younghoon; Jang, Bo Yun; Kim, Byeong Su; Song, Hyun Kon.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, No. 20, 28.05.2014, p. 7600-7605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enlarging the d-spacing of graphite and polarizing its surface charge for driving lithium ions fast

AU - Kim, Tae Hee

AU - Jeon, Eun Kyung

AU - Ko, Younghoon

AU - Jang, Bo Yun

AU - Kim, Byeong Su

AU - Song, Hyun Kon

PY - 2014/5/28

Y1 - 2014/5/28

N2 - Lithium ion transport was accelerated within graphite by controlling its d-spacing as well as its functional groups. By oxidizing bare graphite under a mild condition, expanded graphites (EG* where * = functional groups) were obtained with increasing d-spacing from 0.3359 nm to 0.3395 nm as well as with functional groups formed on the plane or at the edges of graphites. The subsequent thermal reduction of EG* led to an insignificant change of d-spacing (0.3390 nm), simultaneously eliminating a portion of the functional groups (EG). The enlargement of d-spacing reduced kinetic hindrance of lithium ion movement within the expanded graphites (EG* and EG) by reserving more space for the ionic transport route. In addition, the activation energy of lithium ion intercalation in EG* was reduced by surface charge polarization of graphites induced by hydrogen bonds between oxygen atoms of carbonates in electrolytes and hydrogen atoms of surface functional groups of the expanded graphites, even if the degree of graphitization decreased. Re-graphitization induced by the subsequent thermal reduction increased delithiation capacities (QdLi) of EG as an anode for lithium ion batteries especially at high currents: QdLi at 50 C = 243 mA h g -1 for EG versus 66 mA h g-1 for bare graphite.

AB - Lithium ion transport was accelerated within graphite by controlling its d-spacing as well as its functional groups. By oxidizing bare graphite under a mild condition, expanded graphites (EG* where * = functional groups) were obtained with increasing d-spacing from 0.3359 nm to 0.3395 nm as well as with functional groups formed on the plane or at the edges of graphites. The subsequent thermal reduction of EG* led to an insignificant change of d-spacing (0.3390 nm), simultaneously eliminating a portion of the functional groups (EG). The enlargement of d-spacing reduced kinetic hindrance of lithium ion movement within the expanded graphites (EG* and EG) by reserving more space for the ionic transport route. In addition, the activation energy of lithium ion intercalation in EG* was reduced by surface charge polarization of graphites induced by hydrogen bonds between oxygen atoms of carbonates in electrolytes and hydrogen atoms of surface functional groups of the expanded graphites, even if the degree of graphitization decreased. Re-graphitization induced by the subsequent thermal reduction increased delithiation capacities (QdLi) of EG as an anode for lithium ion batteries especially at high currents: QdLi at 50 C = 243 mA h g -1 for EG versus 66 mA h g-1 for bare graphite.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899454174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899454174&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c3ta15360f

DO - 10.1039/c3ta15360f

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84899454174

VL - 2

SP - 7600

EP - 7605

JO - Journal of Materials Chemistry A

JF - Journal of Materials Chemistry A

SN - 2050-7488

IS - 20

ER -