ENSO and East Asian winter monsoon relationship modulation associated with the anomalous northwest Pacific anticyclone

Ji Won Kim, Soon-Il An, Sang Yoon Jun, Hey Jin Park, Sang Wook Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using observational datasets and numerical model experiments, the mechanism on the slowly varying change in the relationship between the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) is investigated. The decadal-window (11-, 15-, and 21-year) moving correlations show a significant change in the boreal wintertime ENSO–EAWM relationship between two sub-periods of 1976‒1992 and 1997‒2013. Such recent change in ENSO–EAWM relationship is mainly attributed to the changes in the intensity and zonal location of the anomalous lower-tropospheric northwest Pacific anticyclone (NWP-AC). NWP-AC commonly develops near the region of the Philippine Sea during the ENSO’s peak phase and plays an important role of bridging the tropical convection and mid-latitude teleconnection. On one hand, the intensity of the NWP-AC is influenced by the interdecadal variation in a linkage between ENSO and the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) variability, referring that a strong connection between the Pacific and Indian Oceans results in the strengthening of NWP-AC response to ENSO. On the other hand, the zonal displacement of the NWP-AC is associated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). That is, the tropical Pacific mean state (i.e., zonal SST gradient between climatologically warm western Pacific and cold eastern Pacific)—strengthened by either the negative PDO phase or the positive AMO phase—drives the anomalous ENSO-induced convection to be shifted to the west. With this westward shift, the zonal center of the NWP-AC also migrates westward over the Philippine Islands and exerts stronger connection between ENSO and EAWM. In contrast, the relaxed zonal SST contrast associated with either the positive PDO phase or the negative AMO phase tends to exhibit weaker ENSO–EAWM relationship via both of eastward shifted zonal centers of the anomalous ENSO-induced convection and the NWP-AC. Finally, a series of the numerical experiments conducted by an atmospheric general circulation model supports the observational findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1157-1179
Number of pages23
JournalClimate Dynamics
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

Fingerprint

anticyclone
Southern Oscillation
monsoon
Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
winter
Pacific Decadal Oscillation
sea surface temperature
convection
decadal variation
teleconnection
atmospheric general circulation model
temperature gradient
El Nino-Southern Oscillation
sea surface
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Kim, Ji Won ; An, Soon-Il ; Jun, Sang Yoon ; Park, Hey Jin ; Yeh, Sang Wook. / ENSO and East Asian winter monsoon relationship modulation associated with the anomalous northwest Pacific anticyclone. In: Climate Dynamics. 2017 ; Vol. 49, No. 4. pp. 1157-1179.
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abstract = "Using observational datasets and numerical model experiments, the mechanism on the slowly varying change in the relationship between the El Ni{\~n}o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) is investigated. The decadal-window (11-, 15-, and 21-year) moving correlations show a significant change in the boreal wintertime ENSO–EAWM relationship between two sub-periods of 1976‒1992 and 1997‒2013. Such recent change in ENSO–EAWM relationship is mainly attributed to the changes in the intensity and zonal location of the anomalous lower-tropospheric northwest Pacific anticyclone (NWP-AC). NWP-AC commonly develops near the region of the Philippine Sea during the ENSO’s peak phase and plays an important role of bridging the tropical convection and mid-latitude teleconnection. On one hand, the intensity of the NWP-AC is influenced by the interdecadal variation in a linkage between ENSO and the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) variability, referring that a strong connection between the Pacific and Indian Oceans results in the strengthening of NWP-AC response to ENSO. On the other hand, the zonal displacement of the NWP-AC is associated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). That is, the tropical Pacific mean state (i.e., zonal SST gradient between climatologically warm western Pacific and cold eastern Pacific)—strengthened by either the negative PDO phase or the positive AMO phase—drives the anomalous ENSO-induced convection to be shifted to the west. With this westward shift, the zonal center of the NWP-AC also migrates westward over the Philippine Islands and exerts stronger connection between ENSO and EAWM. In contrast, the relaxed zonal SST contrast associated with either the positive PDO phase or the negative AMO phase tends to exhibit weaker ENSO–EAWM relationship via both of eastward shifted zonal centers of the anomalous ENSO-induced convection and the NWP-AC. Finally, a series of the numerical experiments conducted by an atmospheric general circulation model supports the observational findings.",
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ENSO and East Asian winter monsoon relationship modulation associated with the anomalous northwest Pacific anticyclone. / Kim, Ji Won; An, Soon-Il; Jun, Sang Yoon; Park, Hey Jin; Yeh, Sang Wook.

In: Climate Dynamics, Vol. 49, No. 4, 01.08.2017, p. 1157-1179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Using observational datasets and numerical model experiments, the mechanism on the slowly varying change in the relationship between the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) is investigated. The decadal-window (11-, 15-, and 21-year) moving correlations show a significant change in the boreal wintertime ENSO–EAWM relationship between two sub-periods of 1976‒1992 and 1997‒2013. Such recent change in ENSO–EAWM relationship is mainly attributed to the changes in the intensity and zonal location of the anomalous lower-tropospheric northwest Pacific anticyclone (NWP-AC). NWP-AC commonly develops near the region of the Philippine Sea during the ENSO’s peak phase and plays an important role of bridging the tropical convection and mid-latitude teleconnection. On one hand, the intensity of the NWP-AC is influenced by the interdecadal variation in a linkage between ENSO and the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) variability, referring that a strong connection between the Pacific and Indian Oceans results in the strengthening of NWP-AC response to ENSO. On the other hand, the zonal displacement of the NWP-AC is associated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). That is, the tropical Pacific mean state (i.e., zonal SST gradient between climatologically warm western Pacific and cold eastern Pacific)—strengthened by either the negative PDO phase or the positive AMO phase—drives the anomalous ENSO-induced convection to be shifted to the west. With this westward shift, the zonal center of the NWP-AC also migrates westward over the Philippine Islands and exerts stronger connection between ENSO and EAWM. In contrast, the relaxed zonal SST contrast associated with either the positive PDO phase or the negative AMO phase tends to exhibit weaker ENSO–EAWM relationship via both of eastward shifted zonal centers of the anomalous ENSO-induced convection and the NWP-AC. Finally, a series of the numerical experiments conducted by an atmospheric general circulation model supports the observational findings.

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