The use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is associated with a risk of renal dysfunction. We investigated whether TDF is associated with the deterioration of renal function in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) requiring frequent computed tomography (CT) evaluations and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) sessions, when compared to entecavir (ETV). Between 2007 and 2017, 493 patients with HBV-related HCC were enrolled. The number of CT evaluations and TACE sessions were collected through 3 years of follow-up. The median age of the study population (373 men and 120 women; 325 with ETV and 168 with TDF) was 56.5 years. TDF was significantly associated with a serum creatinine increase (≥25% from the baseline; unadjusted hazard ratio [uHR] = 1.620) and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) reduction (<20% from the baseline) (uHR = 1.950) (all P <.05), when compared to ETV. In addition, CT evaluations ≥4 times/year were significantly associated with a serum creatinine increase (uHR = 2.709), eGFR reduction (uHR = 3.274) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression (≥1 CKD stage from the baseline) (uHR = 1.980) (all P <.05). In contrast, TACE was not associated with all renal dysfunction parameters (all P >.05). After adjustment, TDF use was independently associated with the increased risk of eGFR reduction (adjusted HR [aHR] = 1.945; P =.023), whereas CT evaluation ≥4 times/year was independently associated with the increased risk of serum creatinine increase (aHR = 2.898), eGFR reduction (aHR = 3.484) and CKD progression (aHR = 1.984) (all P <.01). In conclusion, patients with HBV-related HCC treated with TDF and frequent CT evaluations should be closely monitored for the detection of associated renal dysfunction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2019R1A2C4070136). The funders had no role in the study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases