Entrainment of aerosols and their activation in a shallow cumulus cloud studied with a coupled LCM-LES approach

F. Hoffmann, S. Raasch, Yign Noh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates how entrainment affects the activation of aerosols in a shallow cumulus cloud using large-eddy simulations (LES) with an embedded Lagrangian cloud model (LCM) in which aerosols and droplets are explicitly treated as Lagrangian particles. The activation process is analyzed for aerosols entrained (i) by the central updraft at cloud base and (ii) by turbulent mixing above cloud base (lateral entrainment). Cloud base aerosols and laterally entrained aerosols contribute to all activated aerosols inside the cloud by fractions of 70% and 30%, respectively. Laterally entrained particles dominate the activation above cloud base (secondary activation), to which cloud base aerosols contribute about one third. As assumed in many parameterizations, the activation of cloud base aerosols is limited by the maximum saturation. However, the activation of laterally entrained aerosols is determined by the degree of turbulence, limiting the time available for activation and restricting the activation to intermediate sized aerosols, which demand the shortest time for activation. As the environmental aerosol concentration increases, activation of laterally entrained aerosols becomes more important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-57
Number of pages15
JournalAtmospheric Research
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

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large eddy simulation
cumulus
entrainment
aerosol
turbulent mixing
updraft
droplet
parameterization
turbulence
saturation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigates how entrainment affects the activation of aerosols in a shallow cumulus cloud using large-eddy simulations (LES) with an embedded Lagrangian cloud model (LCM) in which aerosols and droplets are explicitly treated as Lagrangian particles. The activation process is analyzed for aerosols entrained (i) by the central updraft at cloud base and (ii) by turbulent mixing above cloud base (lateral entrainment). Cloud base aerosols and laterally entrained aerosols contribute to all activated aerosols inside the cloud by fractions of 70{\%} and 30{\%}, respectively. Laterally entrained particles dominate the activation above cloud base (secondary activation), to which cloud base aerosols contribute about one third. As assumed in many parameterizations, the activation of cloud base aerosols is limited by the maximum saturation. However, the activation of laterally entrained aerosols is determined by the degree of turbulence, limiting the time available for activation and restricting the activation to intermediate sized aerosols, which demand the shortest time for activation. As the environmental aerosol concentration increases, activation of laterally entrained aerosols becomes more important.",
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Entrainment of aerosols and their activation in a shallow cumulus cloud studied with a coupled LCM-LES approach. / Hoffmann, F.; Raasch, S.; Noh, Yign.

In: Atmospheric Research, Vol. 156, 01.04.2015, p. 43-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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