Epidemiology and clinical features of HIV infection/AIDS in Korea

June Myung Kim, Goon Jae Cho, Sung Kwan Hong, Kyung Hee Chang, Joo Sup Chung, Young Hwa Choi, Young Goo Song, Aejung Huh, Joon Sup Yeom, Kkot Sil Lee, Jun Yong Choi

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HIV infection/AIDS shows characteristic epidemiological and clinical patterns according to the region, country, and race. The epidemiological and clinical patterns of HIV infection/AIDS in Korea was investigated by retrospectively analyzing the medical records of 176 HIV-infected persons who visited two major referral hospitals of AIDS in Korea from 1985 to April 2000. The most common transmission route was heterosexual contact (52.3%), followed by homosexual contact (23.9%). Among the opportunistic diseases, candidiasis was the most prevalent (21.6%), followed by Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (15.9%), tuberculosis (12.5%), and CMV infection (9.1%). The most common initial AIDS-defining opportunistic disease was tuberculosis (33.3%). The most common causes of death were tuberculosis (25.7%) and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (25.7%). This study describes the epidemiological and clinical patterns of HIV infection/AIDS in Korea, which not only enables us to accurately understand HIV infection/AIDS in this country, but eventually to aid in establishing effective preventive measures and treatment guidelines in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-370
Number of pages8
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Kim, J. M., Cho, G. J., Hong, S. K., Chang, K. H., Chung, J. S., Choi, Y. H., Song, Y. G., Huh, A., Yeom, J. S., Lee, K. S., & Choi, J. Y. (2003). Epidemiology and clinical features of HIV infection/AIDS in Korea. Yonsei medical journal, 44(3), 363-370. https://doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2003.44.3.363