Epidemiology of trauma patients and analysis of 268 mortality cases

Trends of a single center in Korea

Chun Sung Byun, Il Hwan Park, Joong Hwan Oh, Keumseok Bae, Kang Hyun Lee, Eunbi Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: There is an increasing incidence of mortality among trauma patients; therefore, it is important to analyze the trauma epidemiology in order to prevent trauma death. The authors reviewed the trauma epidemiology retrospectively at a regional emergency center of Korea and evaluated the main factors that led to trauma-related deaths. Materials and Methods: A total of 17007 trauma patients were registered to the trauma registry of the regional emergency center at Wonju Severance Christian Hospital in Korea from January 2010 to December 2012. Results: The mean age of patients was 35.2 years old. The most frequent trauma mechanism was blunt injury (90.8%), as well as slip-and-fall down injury, motor vehicle accidents, and others. Aside from 142 early trauma deaths, a total of 4673 patients were admitted for further treatment. The most common major trauma sites of admitted patients were on the extremities (38.4%), followed by craniocerebral, abdominopelvis, and thorax. With deaths of 126 patients during in-hospital treatment, the overall mortality (142 early and 126 late deaths) was 5.6% for admitted patients. Ages ≥55, injury severity score ≥16, major craniocerebral injury, cardiopulmonary resuscitation at arrival, probability of survival 25% calculated from the trauma and injury severity score were independent predictors of trauma mortality in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: The epidemiology of the trauma patients studied was found to be mainly blunt trauma. This finding is similar to previous papers in terms of demographics and mechanism. Trauma patients who have risk factors of mortality require careful management in order to prevent trauma-related deaths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Korea
Epidemiology
Mortality
Wounds and Injuries
Injury Severity Score
Emergencies
Accidental Falls
Nonpenetrating Wounds
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Motor Vehicles
Craniocerebral Trauma
Accidents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Byun, Chun Sung ; Park, Il Hwan ; Oh, Joong Hwan ; Bae, Keumseok ; Lee, Kang Hyun ; Lee, Eunbi. / Epidemiology of trauma patients and analysis of 268 mortality cases : Trends of a single center in Korea. In: Yonsei medical journal. 2015 ; Vol. 56, No. 1. pp. 220-226.
@article{f6c7343469344523a82522b77b039c86,
title = "Epidemiology of trauma patients and analysis of 268 mortality cases: Trends of a single center in Korea",
abstract = "Purpose: There is an increasing incidence of mortality among trauma patients; therefore, it is important to analyze the trauma epidemiology in order to prevent trauma death. The authors reviewed the trauma epidemiology retrospectively at a regional emergency center of Korea and evaluated the main factors that led to trauma-related deaths. Materials and Methods: A total of 17007 trauma patients were registered to the trauma registry of the regional emergency center at Wonju Severance Christian Hospital in Korea from January 2010 to December 2012. Results: The mean age of patients was 35.2 years old. The most frequent trauma mechanism was blunt injury (90.8{\%}), as well as slip-and-fall down injury, motor vehicle accidents, and others. Aside from 142 early trauma deaths, a total of 4673 patients were admitted for further treatment. The most common major trauma sites of admitted patients were on the extremities (38.4{\%}), followed by craniocerebral, abdominopelvis, and thorax. With deaths of 126 patients during in-hospital treatment, the overall mortality (142 early and 126 late deaths) was 5.6{\%} for admitted patients. Ages ≥55, injury severity score ≥16, major craniocerebral injury, cardiopulmonary resuscitation at arrival, probability of survival 25{\%} calculated from the trauma and injury severity score were independent predictors of trauma mortality in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: The epidemiology of the trauma patients studied was found to be mainly blunt trauma. This finding is similar to previous papers in terms of demographics and mechanism. Trauma patients who have risk factors of mortality require careful management in order to prevent trauma-related deaths.",
author = "Byun, {Chun Sung} and Park, {Il Hwan} and Oh, {Joong Hwan} and Keumseok Bae and Lee, {Kang Hyun} and Eunbi Lee",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3349/ymj.2015.56.1.220",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "220--226",
journal = "Yonsei Medical Journal",
issn = "0513-5796",
publisher = "Yonsei University College of Medicine",
number = "1",

}

Epidemiology of trauma patients and analysis of 268 mortality cases : Trends of a single center in Korea. / Byun, Chun Sung; Park, Il Hwan; Oh, Joong Hwan; Bae, Keumseok; Lee, Kang Hyun; Lee, Eunbi.

In: Yonsei medical journal, Vol. 56, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 220-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Epidemiology of trauma patients and analysis of 268 mortality cases

T2 - Trends of a single center in Korea

AU - Byun, Chun Sung

AU - Park, Il Hwan

AU - Oh, Joong Hwan

AU - Bae, Keumseok

AU - Lee, Kang Hyun

AU - Lee, Eunbi

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Purpose: There is an increasing incidence of mortality among trauma patients; therefore, it is important to analyze the trauma epidemiology in order to prevent trauma death. The authors reviewed the trauma epidemiology retrospectively at a regional emergency center of Korea and evaluated the main factors that led to trauma-related deaths. Materials and Methods: A total of 17007 trauma patients were registered to the trauma registry of the regional emergency center at Wonju Severance Christian Hospital in Korea from January 2010 to December 2012. Results: The mean age of patients was 35.2 years old. The most frequent trauma mechanism was blunt injury (90.8%), as well as slip-and-fall down injury, motor vehicle accidents, and others. Aside from 142 early trauma deaths, a total of 4673 patients were admitted for further treatment. The most common major trauma sites of admitted patients were on the extremities (38.4%), followed by craniocerebral, abdominopelvis, and thorax. With deaths of 126 patients during in-hospital treatment, the overall mortality (142 early and 126 late deaths) was 5.6% for admitted patients. Ages ≥55, injury severity score ≥16, major craniocerebral injury, cardiopulmonary resuscitation at arrival, probability of survival 25% calculated from the trauma and injury severity score were independent predictors of trauma mortality in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: The epidemiology of the trauma patients studied was found to be mainly blunt trauma. This finding is similar to previous papers in terms of demographics and mechanism. Trauma patients who have risk factors of mortality require careful management in order to prevent trauma-related deaths.

AB - Purpose: There is an increasing incidence of mortality among trauma patients; therefore, it is important to analyze the trauma epidemiology in order to prevent trauma death. The authors reviewed the trauma epidemiology retrospectively at a regional emergency center of Korea and evaluated the main factors that led to trauma-related deaths. Materials and Methods: A total of 17007 trauma patients were registered to the trauma registry of the regional emergency center at Wonju Severance Christian Hospital in Korea from January 2010 to December 2012. Results: The mean age of patients was 35.2 years old. The most frequent trauma mechanism was blunt injury (90.8%), as well as slip-and-fall down injury, motor vehicle accidents, and others. Aside from 142 early trauma deaths, a total of 4673 patients were admitted for further treatment. The most common major trauma sites of admitted patients were on the extremities (38.4%), followed by craniocerebral, abdominopelvis, and thorax. With deaths of 126 patients during in-hospital treatment, the overall mortality (142 early and 126 late deaths) was 5.6% for admitted patients. Ages ≥55, injury severity score ≥16, major craniocerebral injury, cardiopulmonary resuscitation at arrival, probability of survival 25% calculated from the trauma and injury severity score were independent predictors of trauma mortality in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: The epidemiology of the trauma patients studied was found to be mainly blunt trauma. This finding is similar to previous papers in terms of demographics and mechanism. Trauma patients who have risk factors of mortality require careful management in order to prevent trauma-related deaths.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84918824976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84918824976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3349/ymj.2015.56.1.220

DO - 10.3349/ymj.2015.56.1.220

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 220

EP - 226

JO - Yonsei Medical Journal

JF - Yonsei Medical Journal

SN - 0513-5796

IS - 1

ER -