Objective: Low-grade epilepsy-associated tumors (LEATs) are associated with childhood seizures that are typically drug-resistant, necessitating surgical interventions. In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of surgical intervention in children with LEATs and to identify factors associated with seizure and cognitive outcomes. Methods: We reviewed 58 children less than 18 years of age who underwent epilepsy surgery due to histopathologically confirmed LEATs and had a minimum postoperative follow-up duration of 24 months. Results: Of the 58 patients who were followed for a median duration of 5.6 (IQR 3.2 to 10.0) years, 51 (87.9%) were seizure-free after surgery. In univariate analysis, shorter epilepsy duration, fewer antiepileptic drugs at time of surgery, gross total resection, and unilobar tumor involvement were associated with seizure freedom. In multivariate analysis, gross total resection was independently associated with seizure freedom. The preoperative and postoperative full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ) scores were 78.9 ± 27.1 and 80.9 ± 28.7, respectively. In univariate analysis, younger age at seizure onset, longer epilepsy duration, more antiepileptic drugs at time of surgery, multilobar tumor involvement, and presence of generalized epileptic discharges were associated with lower preoperative FSIQ. In multivariate analysis, longer epilepsy duration was independently associated with lower preoperative FSIQ scores. Postoperative FSIQ scores were significantly influenced by preoperative FSIQ scores. Conclusions: Epilepsy surgery for LEATs in children resulted in excellent seizure outcome. Gross total resection was the only independent factor associated with favorable seizure outcome. Preoperative and postoperative cognitive abilities were significantly influenced by epilepsy duration, so early surgical intervention should be considered.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Feb|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology