Equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of five single gases in a methyltriethoxysilane-templating silica/α-alumina composite membrane

Jong Ho Moon, Youn Sang Bae, Sang Hoon Hyun, Chang Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of a methyltriethoxysilane (MTES)-templating silica/α-alumina composite membrane were studied using unsteady- and steady-state permeation of pure CO2, N2, CH4, H2 and He gases. The saturated amount of adsorption, Langmuir parameter, and diffusivity could be estimated by the generalized Maxwell-Stefan model, the incorporating dust gas model, and the Langmuir model using transient and steady-state measurements. Due to the surface diffusion effect, CO2, which has a strong adsorption affinity, was found to be more permeable than either N2 or CH4. On the contrary, H2 and He both exhibited greater permeation fluxes relative to the other gases because of their molecular size, structure, and non-adsorbable properties. CH4 and N2 both displayed very low permeability and a slow rate of permeation. The result can primarily be ascribed to the molecular size and structure of CH4 and N2, which likely contributed to steric hindrance or molecular sieving within the membrane pore. Using the calculated equilibrium and kinetic parameters, the permeation fluxes for the various gases through the membrane could be successfully calculated at unsteady-state pressurization and depressurization steps. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by molecular sieving effects as well as surface diffusion properties according to molecular properties, the kinetic and equilibrium separation should be considered simultaneously in the membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-352
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume285
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov 15

Fingerprint

Aluminum Oxide
Composite membranes
Permeation
Silicon Dioxide
Alumina
aluminum oxides
Gases
Silica
silicon dioxide
membranes
Kinetics
composite materials
Membranes
kinetics
unsteady state
gases
Surface diffusion
Fluxes
surface diffusion
Molecular Structure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "Equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of five single gases in a methyltriethoxysilane-templating silica/α-alumina composite membrane",
abstract = "The equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of a methyltriethoxysilane (MTES)-templating silica/α-alumina composite membrane were studied using unsteady- and steady-state permeation of pure CO2, N2, CH4, H2 and He gases. The saturated amount of adsorption, Langmuir parameter, and diffusivity could be estimated by the generalized Maxwell-Stefan model, the incorporating dust gas model, and the Langmuir model using transient and steady-state measurements. Due to the surface diffusion effect, CO2, which has a strong adsorption affinity, was found to be more permeable than either N2 or CH4. On the contrary, H2 and He both exhibited greater permeation fluxes relative to the other gases because of their molecular size, structure, and non-adsorbable properties. CH4 and N2 both displayed very low permeability and a slow rate of permeation. The result can primarily be ascribed to the molecular size and structure of CH4 and N2, which likely contributed to steric hindrance or molecular sieving within the membrane pore. Using the calculated equilibrium and kinetic parameters, the permeation fluxes for the various gases through the membrane could be successfully calculated at unsteady-state pressurization and depressurization steps. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by molecular sieving effects as well as surface diffusion properties according to molecular properties, the kinetic and equilibrium separation should be considered simultaneously in the membrane.",
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Equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of five single gases in a methyltriethoxysilane-templating silica/α-alumina composite membrane. / Moon, Jong Ho; Bae, Youn Sang; Hyun, Sang Hoon; Lee, Chang Ha.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 285, No. 1-2, 15.11.2006, p. 343-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The equilibrium and kinetic characteristics of a methyltriethoxysilane (MTES)-templating silica/α-alumina composite membrane were studied using unsteady- and steady-state permeation of pure CO2, N2, CH4, H2 and He gases. The saturated amount of adsorption, Langmuir parameter, and diffusivity could be estimated by the generalized Maxwell-Stefan model, the incorporating dust gas model, and the Langmuir model using transient and steady-state measurements. Due to the surface diffusion effect, CO2, which has a strong adsorption affinity, was found to be more permeable than either N2 or CH4. On the contrary, H2 and He both exhibited greater permeation fluxes relative to the other gases because of their molecular size, structure, and non-adsorbable properties. CH4 and N2 both displayed very low permeability and a slow rate of permeation. The result can primarily be ascribed to the molecular size and structure of CH4 and N2, which likely contributed to steric hindrance or molecular sieving within the membrane pore. Using the calculated equilibrium and kinetic parameters, the permeation fluxes for the various gases through the membrane could be successfully calculated at unsteady-state pressurization and depressurization steps. Since the permeation flux in the MTES membrane was affected by molecular sieving effects as well as surface diffusion properties according to molecular properties, the kinetic and equilibrium separation should be considered simultaneously in the membrane.

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