Equilibrium and kinetics of nitrous oxide, oxygen and nitrogen adsorption on activated carbon and carbon molecular sieve

Dooyong Park, Youngsan Ju, Jeong Hoon Kim, Hyungwoong Ahn, Chang Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To evaluate candidate adsorbents for the recovery of nitrous oxide (N2O) from adipic acid off-gases, the equilibrium and kinetics of N2O and O2 adsorption on activated carbon (AC) and of N2O, O2, and N2 adsorption on a carbon molecular sieve (CMS) were evaluated at 293, 308, and 323 K under pressures up to 1000 kPa using a high-pressure volumetric system. Adsorption amount of N2O on AC and CMS exceeded those of N2 and O2, and the adsorption isotherms for O2 and N2 were similar. The experimental N2O and O2 uptakes on AC and CMS were fitted to a non-isothermal adsorption model, whereas the model was ineffective for predicting N2 uptake on CMS. The isothermal dual-resistance model, considering surface barrier resistance and pore diffusion, adequately predicted N2 uptake on CMS. The rate of adsorption of N2O on AC was much lower than that of O2 and N2 whereas the rate of adsorption on CMS flowed the order: O2 > N2O ≫ N2, even though N2O has higher adsorption affinity and smaller kinetic diameter than O2. The Lewis structure of N2O was also found to influence the adsorption kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-80
Number of pages18
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume223
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 15

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Molecular sieves
Nitrous Oxide
Activated carbon
Nitrogen
Carbon
Oxygen
Adsorption
Kinetics
Oxides
Adsorption isotherms
Adsorbents
Gases
Recovery
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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abstract = "To evaluate candidate adsorbents for the recovery of nitrous oxide (N2O) from adipic acid off-gases, the equilibrium and kinetics of N2O and O2 adsorption on activated carbon (AC) and of N2O, O2, and N2 adsorption on a carbon molecular sieve (CMS) were evaluated at 293, 308, and 323 K under pressures up to 1000 kPa using a high-pressure volumetric system. Adsorption amount of N2O on AC and CMS exceeded those of N2 and O2, and the adsorption isotherms for O2 and N2 were similar. The experimental N2O and O2 uptakes on AC and CMS were fitted to a non-isothermal adsorption model, whereas the model was ineffective for predicting N2 uptake on CMS. The isothermal dual-resistance model, considering surface barrier resistance and pore diffusion, adequately predicted N2 uptake on CMS. The rate of adsorption of N2O on AC was much lower than that of O2 and N2 whereas the rate of adsorption on CMS flowed the order: O2 > N2O ≫ N2, even though N2O has higher adsorption affinity and smaller kinetic diameter than O2. The Lewis structure of N2O was also found to influence the adsorption kinetics.",
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Equilibrium and kinetics of nitrous oxide, oxygen and nitrogen adsorption on activated carbon and carbon molecular sieve. / Park, Dooyong; Ju, Youngsan; Kim, Jeong Hoon; Ahn, Hyungwoong; Lee, Chang Ha.

In: Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 223, 15.09.2019, p. 63-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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