A new cell line designated CUME-1 has been established from a poorly differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma of the uterus. This cell line grew well without interruption for more than 88 months and 110 serial passages were successively carried out. The cells were highly tumorigenic in nude mice (85%). Repeated karyotype analyses from early (4th) to late (55th) passages of this cell line revealed a diploid stable clone in each passages without any noticeable structural or numerical aberrations. But from the 80th passage, a subpopulation with reciprocal transplantation between chromosomes 1q and 9q consistently appeared and was observed in about 30% of the cells. This cell line is one of the rare examples of experimentally proved tumorigenic cells of human solid tumor origin that retains the diploid karyotype in vitro. HLA typing indicated the presence of DR4, DR13, DQ3, and DQ6. Cytosol estrogen and progesterone receptors were found both in fresh primary tumor and in this cell line. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) receptor mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in cultured cells. Using the single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique, we have screened CUME-1 cells for p53 mutation in exons 4 to 9. No mobility shift was observed. This cell line may be useful in studying the in vitro chromosomal evolution of the cell line and the in vivo properties of human endometrial adenocarcinoma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research