Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea

Jeong Hun Kim, Deepak Pudasainee, Sang Hyeob Lee, Seung Uk Son, Young Sik Yoon, Yong Chil Seo, Jung Min Park, Sang Bo Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Mercury emissions from various anthropogenic sources were measured to develop the emission factors and to estimate the total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. Sampling and analysis were carried out employing Ontario Hydro method and US EPA method 101A. Mercury emission in flue gas was mainly speciated into gaseous form, particle bound Hg was less. Most of Hg emitted from vehicles was speciated in elemental form due to the lack of strong oxidants. Wide rage of variation in mercury speciation and emission concentration were found, related to the variation in fuel/waste types, operating conditions, flue gas compositions, air pollution control devices (APCDs) types, source specific characteristics and so on. Hg removal efficiency of the existing APCDs in an average ranged 23% to 92%. Uncontrolled and controlled mercury emission factors for each source type were estimated. Emission factors obtained in this study are lower due to the application of highly efficient APCDs in the facilities and better environmental management practices. The annual Hg emission estimated from major anthropogenic sources for the Republic of Korea ranged from 6.5 to 20.2 tons, with average emission of 12.8 tons based on the most updated real measurements. Thermal power plants (26%), oil refining (25%), cement kilns (21%>) and incinerators (municipal, industrial, medical, sewage sludge) (20%) are major Hg emission sources. Other sources (crematory, pulp and paper manufacturing, non ferrous metal manufacturing, glass manufacturing contributed about 8% of the total emission. Due to lack of data for some sources, more measurements should be carried out in future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJoint Conference
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC)
Pages220-236
Number of pages17
Volume183 CP
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
EventJoint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC) - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: 2009 May 182009 May 21

Other

OtherJoint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC)
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period09/5/1809/5/21

Fingerprint

Air pollution control
anthropogenic source
Flue gases
pollution control
Environmental management
Refuse incinerators
Nonferrous metals
Kilns
Sewage sludge
atmospheric pollution
manufacturing
Oxidants
Refining
Pulp
Power plants
Cements
Sampling
Glass
Chemical analysis
mercury

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Kim, J. H., Pudasainee, D., Lee, S. H., Son, S. U., Yoon, Y. S., Seo, Y. C., ... Lee, S. B. (2009). Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. In Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC) (Vol. 183 CP, pp. 220-236)
Kim, Jeong Hun ; Pudasainee, Deepak ; Lee, Sang Hyeob ; Son, Seung Uk ; Yoon, Young Sik ; Seo, Yong Chil ; Park, Jung Min ; Lee, Sang Bo. / Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC). Vol. 183 CP 2009. pp. 220-236
@inproceedings{51756a2bed8f4fba813b20da90e0c24b,
title = "Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea",
abstract = "Mercury emissions from various anthropogenic sources were measured to develop the emission factors and to estimate the total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. Sampling and analysis were carried out employing Ontario Hydro method and US EPA method 101A. Mercury emission in flue gas was mainly speciated into gaseous form, particle bound Hg was less. Most of Hg emitted from vehicles was speciated in elemental form due to the lack of strong oxidants. Wide rage of variation in mercury speciation and emission concentration were found, related to the variation in fuel/waste types, operating conditions, flue gas compositions, air pollution control devices (APCDs) types, source specific characteristics and so on. Hg removal efficiency of the existing APCDs in an average ranged 23{\%} to 92{\%}. Uncontrolled and controlled mercury emission factors for each source type were estimated. Emission factors obtained in this study are lower due to the application of highly efficient APCDs in the facilities and better environmental management practices. The annual Hg emission estimated from major anthropogenic sources for the Republic of Korea ranged from 6.5 to 20.2 tons, with average emission of 12.8 tons based on the most updated real measurements. Thermal power plants (26{\%}), oil refining (25{\%}), cement kilns (21{\%}>) and incinerators (municipal, industrial, medical, sewage sludge) (20{\%}) are major Hg emission sources. Other sources (crematory, pulp and paper manufacturing, non ferrous metal manufacturing, glass manufacturing contributed about 8{\%} of the total emission. Due to lack of data for some sources, more measurements should be carried out in future.",
author = "Kim, {Jeong Hun} and Deepak Pudasainee and Lee, {Sang Hyeob} and Son, {Seung Uk} and Yoon, {Young Sik} and Seo, {Yong Chil} and Park, {Jung Min} and Lee, {Sang Bo}",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781615671830",
volume = "183 CP",
pages = "220--236",
booktitle = "Joint Conference",

}

Kim, JH, Pudasainee, D, Lee, SH, Son, SU, Yoon, YS, Seo, YC, Park, JM & Lee, SB 2009, Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. in Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC). vol. 183 CP, pp. 220-236, Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC), Cincinnati, OH, United States, 09/5/18.

Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. / Kim, Jeong Hun; Pudasainee, Deepak; Lee, Sang Hyeob; Son, Seung Uk; Yoon, Young Sik; Seo, Yong Chil; Park, Jung Min; Lee, Sang Bo.

Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC). Vol. 183 CP 2009. p. 220-236.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea

AU - Kim, Jeong Hun

AU - Pudasainee, Deepak

AU - Lee, Sang Hyeob

AU - Son, Seung Uk

AU - Yoon, Young Sik

AU - Seo, Yong Chil

AU - Park, Jung Min

AU - Lee, Sang Bo

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - Mercury emissions from various anthropogenic sources were measured to develop the emission factors and to estimate the total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. Sampling and analysis were carried out employing Ontario Hydro method and US EPA method 101A. Mercury emission in flue gas was mainly speciated into gaseous form, particle bound Hg was less. Most of Hg emitted from vehicles was speciated in elemental form due to the lack of strong oxidants. Wide rage of variation in mercury speciation and emission concentration were found, related to the variation in fuel/waste types, operating conditions, flue gas compositions, air pollution control devices (APCDs) types, source specific characteristics and so on. Hg removal efficiency of the existing APCDs in an average ranged 23% to 92%. Uncontrolled and controlled mercury emission factors for each source type were estimated. Emission factors obtained in this study are lower due to the application of highly efficient APCDs in the facilities and better environmental management practices. The annual Hg emission estimated from major anthropogenic sources for the Republic of Korea ranged from 6.5 to 20.2 tons, with average emission of 12.8 tons based on the most updated real measurements. Thermal power plants (26%), oil refining (25%), cement kilns (21%>) and incinerators (municipal, industrial, medical, sewage sludge) (20%) are major Hg emission sources. Other sources (crematory, pulp and paper manufacturing, non ferrous metal manufacturing, glass manufacturing contributed about 8% of the total emission. Due to lack of data for some sources, more measurements should be carried out in future.

AB - Mercury emissions from various anthropogenic sources were measured to develop the emission factors and to estimate the total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. Sampling and analysis were carried out employing Ontario Hydro method and US EPA method 101A. Mercury emission in flue gas was mainly speciated into gaseous form, particle bound Hg was less. Most of Hg emitted from vehicles was speciated in elemental form due to the lack of strong oxidants. Wide rage of variation in mercury speciation and emission concentration were found, related to the variation in fuel/waste types, operating conditions, flue gas compositions, air pollution control devices (APCDs) types, source specific characteristics and so on. Hg removal efficiency of the existing APCDs in an average ranged 23% to 92%. Uncontrolled and controlled mercury emission factors for each source type were estimated. Emission factors obtained in this study are lower due to the application of highly efficient APCDs in the facilities and better environmental management practices. The annual Hg emission estimated from major anthropogenic sources for the Republic of Korea ranged from 6.5 to 20.2 tons, with average emission of 12.8 tons based on the most updated real measurements. Thermal power plants (26%), oil refining (25%), cement kilns (21%>) and incinerators (municipal, industrial, medical, sewage sludge) (20%) are major Hg emission sources. Other sources (crematory, pulp and paper manufacturing, non ferrous metal manufacturing, glass manufacturing contributed about 8% of the total emission. Due to lack of data for some sources, more measurements should be carried out in future.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=72849141148&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=72849141148&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:72849141148

SN - 9781615671830

VL - 183 CP

SP - 220

EP - 236

BT - Joint Conference

ER -

Kim JH, Pudasainee D, Lee SH, Son SU, Yoon YS, Seo YC et al. Estimating mercury emission factors and total emission from major anthropogenic sources in Korea. In Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC). Vol. 183 CP. 2009. p. 220-236