Estimation of carbon storage in coastal wetlands and comparison of different management schemes in South Korea

Chaeho Byun, Shi Hoon Lee, Hojeong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Organic carbon stored in coastal wetlands, which comprises the major part of oceanic "blue carbon," is a subject of growing interest and concern. In this study, organic carbon storage in coastal wetlands and its economic value were estimated using the raw data of 25 studies related to soil carbon storage. Data were collected from three tidal flats (one protected and two developed areas) and two estuarine salt marshes (one protected and one restored area). Bulk density, soil organic matter content, and standing biomass of vegetation were all considered, with Monte Carlo simulation applied to estimate the uncertainty. Results: Mean carbon storage in two salt marshes ranged between 14.6 and 25.5 kg C m -2 . Mean carbon storage in tidal flats ranged from 18.2 to 28.6 kg C m -2 , with variability possibly related to soil texture. The economic value of stored carbon was estimated by comparison with the price of carbon in the emission trading market. The value of US 6600 ha -1 is ∼ 45% of previously estimated ecosystem services from fishery production and water purification functions in coastal areas. Conclusions: Although our study sites do not cover all types of large marine ecosystem, this study highlights the substantial contribution of coastal wetlands as carbon sinks and the importance of conserving these habitats to maximize their ecosystem services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
JournalJournal of Ecology and Environment
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 22

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coastal wetland
South Korea
carbon sequestration
wetlands
tidal flat
salt marshes
economic valuation
ecosystem service
saltmarsh
ecosystem services
carbon
organic carbon
fishery production
water purification
carbon markets
emissions trading
carbon sink
soil texture
soil carbon
economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

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title = "Estimation of carbon storage in coastal wetlands and comparison of different management schemes in South Korea",
abstract = "Background: Organic carbon stored in coastal wetlands, which comprises the major part of oceanic {"}blue carbon,{"} is a subject of growing interest and concern. In this study, organic carbon storage in coastal wetlands and its economic value were estimated using the raw data of 25 studies related to soil carbon storage. Data were collected from three tidal flats (one protected and two developed areas) and two estuarine salt marshes (one protected and one restored area). Bulk density, soil organic matter content, and standing biomass of vegetation were all considered, with Monte Carlo simulation applied to estimate the uncertainty. Results: Mean carbon storage in two salt marshes ranged between 14.6 and 25.5 kg C m -2 . Mean carbon storage in tidal flats ranged from 18.2 to 28.6 kg C m -2 , with variability possibly related to soil texture. The economic value of stored carbon was estimated by comparison with the price of carbon in the emission trading market. The value of US 6600 ha -1 is ∼ 45{\%} of previously estimated ecosystem services from fishery production and water purification functions in coastal areas. Conclusions: Although our study sites do not cover all types of large marine ecosystem, this study highlights the substantial contribution of coastal wetlands as carbon sinks and the importance of conserving these habitats to maximize their ecosystem services.",
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Estimation of carbon storage in coastal wetlands and comparison of different management schemes in South Korea. / Byun, Chaeho; Lee, Shi Hoon; Kang, Hojeong.

In: Journal of Ecology and Environment, Vol. 43, No. 1, 8, 22.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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