Estimation of load capacity of pipe piles in sand based on cone penetration test results

Junhwan Lee, Rodrigo Salgado, Kyuho Paik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


Pipe piles can be classified as either closed- or open-ended piles. In the present paper, the load capacity of both closed- and open-ended piles is related to cone penetration resistance qc through an experimental program using calibration chamber model pile load tests and field pile load tests. A total of 36 calibration chamber pile load tests and two full-scale field pile load tests were analyzed. All the test piles were instrumented for separate measurement of each component of pile load capacity. Based on the test results, the normalized base resistance qb 1 qc was obtained as a function of the relative density DR for closed-ended piles, and of both the relative density DR and the incremental filling ratio (IFR) for open-ended piles. A relationship between the IFR and the relative density DR is proposed as a function of the pile diameter and driving depth. The relationship between IFR and DR allows the estimation of IFR and thus of the pile load capacity of open-ended piles at the design stage, before pile driving operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-403
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Science(all)


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