Estrogen regulates a tissue-specific calpain in the anterior pituitary

W. Rachel Duan, Masafumi Ito, Jig Lee Eun, Pei Yu Chien, J. Larry Jameson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


A PCR-based cDNA subtraction hybridization was performed to identify the genes stimulated by estrogen in the pituitary. A novel tissue-specific calpain (nCL-2′), previously shown to be expressed mainly in the stomach, was markedly induced in the pituitary after estrogen treatment. The 5′-flanking region of the calpain nCL-2′ gene was analyzed to assess the molecular mechanism of estrogen regulation. Sequence analysis of the nCL-2′ promoter (1.9 kb) revealed a perfectly palindromic putative estrogen-response element (ERE), GGTCATGCTGACC. In transient transfection studies, the nCL-2′ promoter was highly responsive to estrogen in the presence of estrogen receptor (ER). Transcriptional activation by estrogen was prevented by an ERE mutation as well as by mutations in the ER DNA-binding domain. An ER antagonist, ICI 182780, blocked estrogen inducibility of the nCL-2′ promoter. We conclude that the nCL-2′ form of calpain is expressed in the pituitary and upregulated by estrogen at the transcription level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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